1. manfamily.org - this has a massive family tree with complex
Sephardic linkages including Lousada ones
2. http://genealogy.mendesdacosta.com - this is an incomplete but ambitious family tree with complex Sephardic linkages including Lousada ones
3. http://www.richmondjamaica.com/heritage.htm - this refers to the Richmond Estates St Ann's in Jamaica which were subject to a commercial transaction with Emanuel Baruh Lousada #135 in 1784
4. http://www.kittybrewster.com/ancestry/daguilar.htm - has an extensive d'Aguilar family tree with Lousada connections
5. Wilfred S Samuel ‘A Review of the Jewish Colonists in Barbados in the year 1680’ a paper read before the Jewish Historical Society of England on 19 May 1924. This has been uploaded as a PDF document. Footnote 8 implies that Aaron Baruch Louzada, whom Samuel calls a Barbados magnate, had been in Barbados since 1659.
6. Albert Montefiore Hyamson ‘The Sephardim of England’ Methuen 1951. He recites the list of names, compiled by informers in an unsuccessful attempt to secure the destruction of the Community after the Restoration, which contains the names 'Moses and Jacob Baruh or Barrow, better known as Baruh Lousada'.
7. http://genforum.genealogy.com/lewsader/messages/29.html contains the story of Jacob Lousada and his move from London to New York but note the 2004 posting on http://boards.ancestry.com/thread.aspx?mv=flat&m=16&p=surnames.luzader which, based on inspection of marriage records in Bevis Marks Records Part 2, corrects the surname of Jacob's wife. Part 4 of Bevis Marks Records records the late-age circumcisions of Abraham and Jacob a little before their weddings.
8. Richard L Kagan and Philip D Morgan eds ‘Atlantic Diasporas’ Johns Hopkins UP 2009
9. Cecil Roth ed 'Encyclopedia Judaica' Jerusalem 1972
11. Edgar Samuel 'The Portuguese Jewish Community of London' in the catalogue of the Exhibition of 1992, Jewish Museum London. In 2016 the author refined his estimates of Portugal's Jewish population after 1492 - see ref 193 below.
12. Jenny Uglow ‘A Gambling Man’ Faber and Faber London 2009
13. Burke’s Peerage records this according to notes taken from it perhaps by Benjamin Barrow Lousada
14. Mordechai Arbell 'The Portuguese Jews of Jamaica' Canoe Press Kingston 2000
15. Cecil Roth 'The History of the Marranos' Arno Press New York 1975
16. J H Elliott 'Modernising the Marranos' New York Review of Books, 11 March 2010. In this essay Elliott reviews the Atlantic Diasporas collection (ref 8), refers to the Pallache book (ref 17), and also refers to the descriptions of Jewish life in Amsterdam in Yosef Kaplan’s study of Isaac Orobio de Castro (ref 18), and his collection of essays (ref 19)
17. Mercedes Garcia-Arenal and Gerard Wiegers ‘A Man of Three Worlds’ Johns Hopkins UP 2003
18. Yosef Kaplan 'From Christianity to Judaism; the Story of Isaac Orobio de Castro' Oxford UP 1989
19. Yosef Kaplan 'An Alternative Path to Modernity: The Sephardi Diaspora in Western Europe' Brill Leiden 2000. This book makes use of the Municipal Archives of Amsterdam (MAA) and the Archives of the Spanish and Portuguese Jewish Community (PIG) within MAA.
20. Bertrand Russell ‘History of Western Philosophy’ George Allen and Unwin 1946
21. Mordechai Arbell 'The Jewish Nation of the Caribbean' Gefen Books New York 2002
22. Robert Sackville-West 'Inheritance: the story of Knole and the Sackvilles' Bloomsbury Press London 2010
23. James C Boyajian 'Portuguese Bankers at the Court of Spain 1626-1650' Rutgers UP 1983
24. David Watts 'The West Indies: Patterns of Development, Culture and Environmental Change since 1492' Cambridge UP 1987
25. Harry A Ezratty '500 Years in the Jewish Caribbean' Omni Arts Baltimore 1997
26. Steven Nadler 'Spinoza: A Life' Cambridge UP 1999 p252 gives some details on the role in religious life played by Abraham Israel Pereira
27. Chaim Raphael ‘The Sephardi Story’ Valentine Mitchell London 1991
28. Basil Davidson 'Old Africa Rediscovered' Longman 1970
29. Albert Montefiore Hyamson 'A History of the Jews of England' http://www.archive.org/stream/historyofjewsine00hyamrich#page/n0/mode/1up
30. Ricardo Escobar Quevedo 'Les Nouveaux-Chretiens et le commerce des esclaves a Carthagene des Indes (1595-1640)' found on www.esclavages.cnrs.fr; this article has been uploaded.
31. Richard de Dirsztay (aka von Gotsen) 'Notes on the Lousada Tree which he produced around 2000', private communication with Peter Lousada. This tree has been uploaded.
32. Melville H Ruvigny 'Nobilities of Europe' Melville and Company London 1909 and an extract can be found here
33. Francis W Cheesman 'Origins of Barbadian Families: Barrow' Trafford Publishing 2007. Frank Cheesman in November 2011 provided his notes on the Barrow wills referred to in his book.
34. The Molyneux-Seel papers at the Lancashire Record Office provide many insights into the early English Lousada Dukes. The uploaded notes of the first Lousada Duke's great-great-great grand-daughter are revealing, as is the (suspicious) case for reinstatement of the Duque de Losada title.
35. Edgar Samuel 'At the End of the Earth: essays on the history of the Jews in England and Portugal' JHSE 2004 - pp43-67 on the Curiel family shows a descent from the 9th century Kings of Leon and Asturias and relationship with all the Portuguese titled nobility.
36. Charles Rubens 'Joseph Cortissos and the War of the Spanish Succession' Trans. JHSE XXIV 1974
37. Maurice Woolf 'Foreign Trade of London Jews in the Seventeenth Century' Trans. JHSE XXIV 1974
38. See extract taken from http://miriamhakedosha.blogspot.com/2008/08/montefiore-family.html which went offline in Nov 2011
39. J A Giuseppi 'Sephardi Jews and the early years of the Bank of England' Trans. JHSE XIX 1960. He writes that on 28 Jun in the initial year of subscription ie 1694 Moses Barrow of London (Merchant) 'subscribed £100; his holding he retained until February 1720. It is clear that this Moses Barrow cannot be Moses Baruh Lousada, Gabay in 1663, who died in 1699, but it may perhaps be that he was a member of the same family. There are a great many dealings recorded on his account, of which many are with members of the Community'. JHSE Miscellanies VI gives early Bank of England stockholders in List A and List B gives recipients of some of the dividend payments.
40. I S and S A Emmanuel 'History of the Jews of the Netherlands Antilles' American Jewish Archives 1970
41. Yosef Hayim Yerushalmi 'From Spanish Court to Italian Ghetto' Columbia UP NY & London 1971
42. Wilfred S Samuel 'A list of Jewish persons Endenized and Naturalized 1609-1799' Misc. JHSE XXII 1970
43. James Boyce '1835: The founding of Melbourne and the conquest of Australia' Black Inc. Collingwood 2011
44. Saul S Friedman 'Jews and the American Slave Trade' Transaction Publishers New Brunswick NJ 1998
45. Eli Faber 'Jews Slaves and the Slave Trade: Setting the record straight' NY UP NY and London 1998
46. Nicholas Shakespeare 'In Tasmania' Random House Sydney 2004
47. Alfred Rubens 'Portrait of Anglo-Jewry 1656-1836' Trans XIX JHSE 1960
48. Anna Lanyon 'Fire and Song: the story of Luis de Carvajal and the Mexican Inquisition' Allen & Unwin Crows Nest 2011
49. Stephen Birmingham 'The Grandees: America's Sephardic elite' Harper NY 1971
50. Abigail Green 'Moses Montefiore: Jewish Liberator, Imperial Hero' Harvard UP Cambridge 2010
51. http://www.ferdinando.org.uk/the_marranos_of_rouen1.htm#Page 121
53. Australian Dictionary of Biography http://adb.anu.edu.au/
54. The Jewish Encyclopedia http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/
55. Norman H Finkelstein 'The Other 1492: Jewish Settlement in the New World' iUniverse.com Lincoln NE
56. Selma Stern 'The Court Jew' Philadelphia JPSA 1950
57. Bill Gammage 'The Biggest Estate on Earth' Allen and Unwin Sydney 2001
58. Cecil Roth 'History of the Jews in England' OUP London 1964
59. Victor Perera 'The Cross and the Pear Tree: a Sephardic Journey' UC Press 1999 p103 gives some material on the departure from Madrid of Abraham Israel Pereira including his co-escapees including Fernando Montezinos
60. Salvador de Madriaga 'Spain and the Jews' JHSE London 1946 (Lucien Wolf Memorial Lecture 1946)
61. E M Shilstone 'Monumental Inscriptions in the Burial Ground of the Jewish Synagogue at Bridgetown Barbados' JHSE London 1954
62. Encyclopedia Judaica http://www.geschichteinchronologie.ch/afrika/algerien/EncJud_juden-in-Algerien01-680-1516-arabisch-ENGL.html
63. Elie Kedourie ed 'Spain and the Jews: the Sephardi Experience 1492 and After' Thames and Hudson London 1992
64. Francesca Trivellato 'The Sephardic Diaspora and Cross-Cultural Trade in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries' Yale UP New Haven 2009
65. Malcolm Brown 'Anglo-Jewish country houses from the Resettlement to 1800' JHSE XXVIII 1984 pp20-38
66. Aubrey Newman 'The Expulsion of the Jews of Prague in 1745' JHSE XXII 1970 pp30-41
67. Anthony P Joseph 'Jewry of South-West England and some of its Australian Connections' JHSE Transactions XXIV 1975 pp24-37
68. Jasper Ridley 'Lord Palmerston' Constable London 1970
69. J H Elliott 'Imperial Spain 1469-1716' Penguin London 1990
70. J H Elliott 'The Count-Duke of Olivares' Yale UP New Haven and London 1986. Some notes taken from this reference have been uploaded.
71. See http://www.christies.com/lotfinder/lot/luca-giordano-the-raising-of-lazarus-196779-details.aspx?intObjectID=196779
72. Cecil Roth 'The history of the Jews in Italy' Jewish Publication Society of America Philadelphia 1946
73. Simon Sebag Montefiore 'Jerusalem: The Biography' Phoenix London 2011
74. Lloyd de Witt Bockstruck 'Denizations and Naturalizations in the British Colonies in America 1607-1775' Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore 2005. In this compilation there are concordances with other lists eg W S Samuel 'A List of Jewish Persons Endenized and Naturalized 1609-1799' JHSE Transactions XXII 1970 pp111-144 but in the case of Moses Barrow for example there is a difference - Bockstruck has him naturalized in Jamaica 30 Jan 1699/1700 (presumably 1700) but Samuel has him endenized 4 Nov 1699. Perhaps he was endenized in England then naturalized in Jamaica - or perhaps there was another Moses Barrow to consider!
75. A S Diamond 'The Community of the Resettlement, 1656-1684: a Social Survey' JHSE Transactions XXIV 1973
77. Historical Records of Australia Series 1 Vol 14
77. Historical Records of Australia Series 1 Vol 14
78. A L Bergman 'Jewish Colonists in Melbourne's Early Land Sales' AJHS 11
pt V 1946
78. A L Bergman 'Jewish Colonists in Melbourne's Early Land Sales' AJHS 11 pt V 1946
79. Hirsch Munz 'Jews in South Australia 1836-1936' Thornquest Press
79. Hirsch Munz 'Jews in South Australia 1836-1936' Thornquest Press Adelaide 1936
80. 'The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History' Palgrave Macmillan NY
80. 'The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History' Palgrave Macmillan NY 2011
81. 'Jews in the Caribbean' - an online compilation from many sources. Four versions have
been downloaded but currently (Feb 2013) it is hard to find! A convenient
alternative - with images - is ref 100.
81. 'Jews in the Caribbean'PAF
- an online compilation from many sources. Four versions have been downloaded but currently (Feb 2013) it is hard to find! A convenient alternative - with images - is ref 100.
82. Suzanne D Rutland 'The Jews in Australia' Cambridge UP Melbourne 2005
83. A S Diamond 'The Cemetery of the Resettlement' JHSE Transactions XIX 1960 163-90
84. Gedalia Yogev 'Diamonds and Coral: Anglo-Dutch Jews and Eighteenth-Century Trade' Leicester UP 1978
85. Sir Thomas Colyer-Fergusson 'Jewish Museum Small Collection' Society of Genealogists, London. A copy of the Lousada pages has been uploaded (15MB). Some details of the early years were merely transcribed from others and included for completeness - thus the idea 6 or 7 sons of Moses Baruh Lousada comes from Lucien Wolf. For the Montefiore equivalent collection see ref 170 below.
86. Fenneke Louzada-Scheltens by email 22 Feb 2013 using data from Iwan de Vries.
87. Edgar Samuel whose email of 31 Jan 2013 contains further Amsterdam marriage data which confirms and supplements our Amsterdam marriage data. In this this email Edgar Samuel states that this Amsterdam/Livorno background 'explains why Moses in London was given the job of drafting the Ascomot or Synagogue bylaws, which would not have been a suitable job for a recent immigrant from Portugal'.
88. R D Barnett & P Wright 'The Jews of Jamaica: Tombstone Inscriptions 1663-1880' Hebrew University Jerusalem 1997
89. Thomas G August 'Family Structure and Jewish Continuity in Jamaica since 1655' on americanjewisharchives.org; an extract is on this website.
90. Jonathan Israel and Reinier Salverda eds 'Dutch Jewry: its History and Secular Culture (1500-2000)' Brill Leiden 2002. The chapter by Jonathan Israel 'Philosophy, Commerce, and the Synagogue: Spinoza's Expulsion from the Amsterdam Portuguese Jewish Community in 1656' contains a description of some powerful New Christian merchants of Rouen.
91. 'Anglo-Jewish Notabilities: their Arms and Testamentary Dispositions' JHSE 1949
92. Andrea Stuart 'Sugar in the Blood: A Family's Story of Slavery and Empire' Portobello Books, London 2012
93. Henry Reynolds 'A History of Tasmania' CUP Melbourne 2012
94. Richard Broome 'Coburg: Between two creeks' Coburg Historical Society 2001
96. Bevis Marks Records - a list of the 6 parts has been uploaded
97. Lionel D Barnett (translator) 'El Libro de los Acuerdos' OUP 1931. A copy has been uploaded - click here (PDF, 15 MB).
98. R D Barnett 'The Burial Register of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews, London 1657-1735' Miscellanies Part VI JHSE 1962
99. Ton Telien email of 10 Jun 2013 citing Amsterdam City Archive 334, PJC 20, Escamoth B, scan 81, page 103 right page, 13 Tebet 5447 (= 29 Dec 1686) which records a donation by David Baruh Lousada to pay for the saying of a kaddish for Luna and Isaac Baruch Louzada his parents (who died 1686 and 1667 respectively in Amsterdam and his brother Jacob who died about 1681 also in Amsterdam.
101. Ton Tielen email of 12 Jun 2013 - which reports that in
can be found a 16 Feb 1694 real estate transaction in which David Baruch Louzada
buys 50% of a house from Rachel - Jacob's widow - and 3 adult daughters Rebecca,
Simha and Sara. The house in Swanenburgherstraat had a plaque 'Isle of
Barbados'. Also reported is that from can be found original records of civil marriages, and the earlier marriage
record shows him living at de Lange Houtstraat and the later marriage record
show him to be living in Swanenburgherstraat and his mother-in-law to be living
101. Ton Tielen email of 12 Jun 2013 - which reports that in https://stadsarchief.amsterdam.nl/archieven/archiefbank/indexen/transportakten_voor_1811/zoek/index.nl.html can be found a 16 Feb 1694 real estate transaction in which David Baruch Louzada buys 50% of a house from Rachel - Jacob's widow - and 3 adult daughters Rebecca, Simha and Sara. The house in Swanenburgherstraat had a plaque 'Isle of Barbados'. Also reported is that fromhttps://stadtsarchief.amsterdam.nl/archieven/archiefbank/indexen/ondertrouwregisters/zoek/index.nl.html
can be found original records of civil marriages, and the earlier marriage record shows him living at de Lange Houtstraat and the later marriage record show him to be living in Swanenburgherstraat and his mother-in-law to be living in Madrid.
102. Arthur P Arnold 'A List of Miscellanies Part VI pp73-141
102. Arthur P Arnold 'A List ofJews and Their Households in London' JHSE
Miscellanies Part VI pp73-141
103. Notarial record of some
family business in Amsterdam City Archives, Notarial Archives 5873, Notary John Hoekebak, folio 77 -
103. Notarial record of some family business in
City Archives, Notarial Archives 5873, Notary John Hoekebak, folio 77 - document uploaded.
104.Kenneth Katzner 'The Languages of the World' Routledge and Kegan Paul London 1977
105. - this data can be found
here. On 26 Apr 2016, he
provided an update as follows '
105.Ton Tielen email of 9 Jun 2013 provided Jewish community tax data extracted from the City Archives of Amsterdam, #334 Portuguese Jewish Community, inventory numbers 174-5 (which cover the period 1653-89)
- this data can be found here. On 26 Apr 2016, he provided an update as follows 'I only just discovered that I did not start early enough. I missed about a dozen entries from Mosseh Baruch Lousada. He payed promesas from as early as 6 Nissan 5409 (19 march 1649) until 1 Nissan 5419 (25 March 1659). I assume that after this last payment he went to London. So he was in Amsterdam for a whole 10 years! Paving the way for the rest of them, I presume. He never pays fintas which means that he was never judged to be wealthy enough for that. The amounts he pays are relatively small, somewhere between 1 and 8 guilders. But he did pay, thereby proving that he belonged to the community. I think there are no other sources that mention him in Amsterdam, which proves the value of these taxlists'.
106. James C Boyajian 'Portuguese Trade in Asia under the Habsburgs,
1580-1640' The Johns Hopkins UP Baltimore 1993
106. James C Boyajian 'Portuguese Trade in Asia under the Habsburgs, 1580-1640' The Johns Hopkins UP Baltimore 1993
107. Ton Tielen email of 15 Jul 2013 citing CAA PJC 1144 Escamoth D of
Dotar which showed 'Ribca filha de Raphael Montezinos em Liorne terz grau com
David Baruch Louzada' meaning she was related in the third degree, perhaps
107. Ton Tielen email of 15 Jul 2013 citing CAA PJC 1144 Escamoth D of Dotar which showed 'Ribca filha de Raphael Montezinos em Liorne terz grau com David Baruch Louzada' meaning she was related in the third degree, perhaps grand-niece.David Baruch Louzada became a member of Dotar in 1684. Dotar was one of quite a large number of charities set up by the Portuguese Jews of Amsterdam (there are dozens of them), but it was and is the most prestigious one. It was a lottery and the money was brought together by the members, invested wisely and the yearly profits were divided between two or three young ladies (donzellas) related to members of Dotar, or to poor orphan girls, to be used as a dowry. In 1714 David's place was taken by his eldest son Ishac Baruch Louzada (filho mais velho). Rebecca Montezinos of Livorno received grants in 1692 and 1700.
108. Ton Tielen email of 22 Jul 2013 citing
108. Ton Tielen email of 22 Jul 2013 citingCity Archives Amsterdam 334, Portuguese Jewish Community 19, scan 374, page 659 which records
109. Ton Tielen email of 21 Jul 2013 questions whether the 2 Miguels are
the same person - he reports Samuel de Casseres (born Amsterdam ~1630) was the
only son of Miguel Gomes 'o manco' who took the name 'de Casseres' upon arrival
in Amsterdam. He reports Simon de Caseres was born in Madrid in 1615 and his
'supposed' father Miguel was teaching in Coimbra in the same year.
109. Ton Tielen email of 21 Jul 2013 questions whether the 2 Miguels are the same person - he reports Samuel de Casseres (born Amsterdam ~1630) was the only son of Miguel Gomes 'o manco' who took the name 'de Casseres' upon arrival in Amsterdam. He reports Simon de Caseres was born in Madrid in 1615 and his 'supposed' father Miguel was teaching in Coimbra in the same year.
110. Vere Langford Oliver ed 'The Monumental Inscriptions in the Churches
and Graveyards of the Island of Barbados, British West Indies' Mitchell Hughes
and Clarke London 1915. An extract of pages 205-6 has been
uploaded as it
is relevant to the egregious error
we have noticed - we
leave it to the reader to work out whether the error was made by the editor or
the person he quotes! A further error appears in this extract - Judith was not
the daughter of Jacob Joseph Levi as is made clear in our discussion of
the ancestry of
Judith Joseph Levi.
110. Vere Langford Oliver ed 'The Monumental Inscriptions in the Churches and Graveyards of the Island of Barbados, British West Indies' Mitchell Hughes and Clarke London 1915. An extract of pages 205-6 has been uploaded as it is relevant to the egregious error we have noticed - we leave it to the reader to work out whether the error was made by the editor or the person he quotes! A further error appears in this extract - Judith was not the daughter of Jacob Joseph Levi as is made clear in our discussion of the ancestry of Judith Joseph Levi.
111. General Sir George de Symons Barrow 'The Fire of Life' Hutchison,
111. General Sir George de Symons Barrow 'The Fire of Life' Hutchison, London
112. Ton Tielen email of 6 Aug 2013 refers to National Archives of the
Netherlands files on the proxy David Louzada 'from Barbados' gave to the
parnassim of Surinam to administer his inheritance. The
deed has been uploaded. This data is from
112. Ton Tielen email of 6 Aug 2013 refers to National Archives of the Netherlands files on the proxy David Louzada 'from Barbados' gave to the parnassim of Surinam to administer his inheritance. The deed has been uploaded. This data is fromhttp://www.gahetna.nl/collectie/archief/inventaris/index/zoekterm/baruch louzada/eadid/1.05.11.18/wollig/uit/volledige-tekst/aan/gebruikersinbreng/aan/node/c01:0.c02:0.c03:82/level/filegrp#c01:0.c02:0.c03:82. The Dutch description in the index of the archive was translated as: 'by deed of December 20, 1738 D. B. Louzada, residing in Barbados, appoints the governors of Portuguese-Jewish Church in Suriname to manage his property in Suriname'. Register of Procuratiën in the Notarial Archives of Suriname, access number 1.05.11.14, inv. No. 712, fol. 117.
113. I S Emmanuel 'Precious Stones of the Jews of Curacao: Curacaon Jewry 1656-1957' Bloch NY 1957. This records 14 Baruch Lousada tombs.
114. For evidence of the Bordeaux Lamegos see http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/hispa_0007-4640_1908_num_10_2_1561 and http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/hispa_0007-4640_1908_num_10_3_1571.
115. Edgar Samuel email 13 Sep 2013 citing Isaac de Matatiau's 1676 genealogy
116. Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert 'Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal's Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire 1492-1640' OUP 2007
117. S A Fortune 'Merchants and Jews: the Struggle for British West Indian Commerce 1650-1750' UF Press Gainesville 1984
118. William Dalrymple 'City of Djinns: a Year in Delhi' Flamingo London 1993
119. Robert Cohen ed 'The Jewish Nation in Surinam' S Emmering Amsterdam 1982 - the chapter 'Analysis of Annals Relating to Early Jewish Settlement in Surinam' by LLE Rens gives a careful estimate of numbers arriving and leaving in the early days and was originally published in Vox Guyanae I 1954:19-38
120. Filipa Ribeiro da Silva 'Dutch and Portuguese in Western Africa: Empires, Merchants and the Atlantic' Brill Leiden 2011
121. Marco Antonio Nunes da Silva 'O Brasil holandes nos cadernos do Promotor; Inquisicao de Lisboa, seculo XVII' Sao Paulo 2003 - uploaded. For convenience, Anexo 8 containing a list of declared Jews in London, has been separately uploaded.
122. Susser Archive http://www.jewishgen.org/jcr-uk/susser/susserpublications.htm
123. Jonathan I Israel 'Diasporas within a Diaspora: Jews, Crypto-Jews and the World Maritime Empires (1540-1740)' Brill Leiden 2002
124. Hugh Copeland 'The Path of Progress: from the Forests of Yesteryear to the Homes of Today' Shire of Warragul 1934; the volume consulted was originally owned by Benjamin Barrow Lousada.
125. Aviva Ben-Ur and Rachel Frankel 'Remnant Stones: the Jewish Cemeteries of Suriname - Epitaphs' Hebrew Union College Press 2009
126. Ruth Sebag-Montefiore 'A Family Patchwork: Five Generations of an Anglo-Jewish Family' Weidenfeld and Nicolson London 1987
127. J A Giuseppi 'Early Jewish Holders of Bank of England Stock 1694-1725' Miscellanies IV JHSE 1962 pp143-74
128. Gilles Boulu 'Recherche sur les Lumbroso de Tunis' Genealo-J 115:7-20
129. Matthew Parker 'The Sugar Barons' Windmill Books London 2012
130. Genie Milgrom 'My 15 Grandmothers' self-published 2012
131. Jane S Gerber ed 'The Jews in the Caribbean' The Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, Portland 2014
132. Edgar Samuel 'Marriages at the Nidhe Yisrael synagogue, Bridgetown, Barbados' Historical Studies 45 JHSE 2013 pp 163-8. By email 14 Mar 2014 he acknowledged that marriage #24 occurred on 11 Tamuz 5557 (not 5547 as printed). Thus 5 July 1797 is the correct date of the Judith Levi and Eliezer Montefiore marriage. Edgar Samuel did however point out that her father was Jacob Levi. In consequence, Judith's common name of Judith Joseph Levi reflects her stepfather's name not her father's (see genealogy of Simon Barrow of Barbados for Judith's ancestors and descendants).
133. Francois Soyer 'The Persecution of the Jews and Muslims of Portugal' Brill, Leiden 2011
134. http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/06/travel/in-spain-a-family-reunion-centuries-later.html?_r=2 by Doreen Carvajal. The text has been uploaded.
135. Josette Capriles Goldish 'Once Jews: Stories of the Caribbean Sephardim' Marcus Wiener Publishers, Princeton NJ 2009
136. B Netanyhu 'Don Isaac Abravanel: Statesman and Philospher' Cornell UP Ithaca 1998 5th ed
137. The link http://williamstjamescummins.blogspot.com.au/2011/01/montefiore-fountain-bridgetown.html describes recent restoration of the Montefiore fountain in Bridgetown, Barbados.
138. Barbados Power of Attorney 46/75 of 28 Nov 1794 was located by James Greener at American Jewish Archives, Cincinatti. This document, written in preparation for the departure from Barbados for an unstated destination of Rachel and Moses Nunes Castello and also Elias Nunes Castello, empowers Rachel to act on behalf of herself, Moses and Elias; which seems to indicates Rachel would return. The document has been uploaded.
139. Almanach de Saxe Gotha 2014 on www.almanachdegotha.org
140. Cecil Roth 'A life of Menasseh ben Isarel' Jewish Publication Society of America Philadelphia 1934 p63 refers to the passage from Madrid to Amsterdam via Venice of Abraham Israel Pereira without citing sources. On p331 he refers to correspondence between Abraham Israel Pereira and (probable name Fernando - from ref 59) Montezinos on the subject of Menasseh's travel to Italy. Kayserling's work is listed in the bibliography without using him in relation to Abraham Israel Pereira.
141. On 22 Jul 2014 Ton Tielen provided an extract from Amsterdam records showing close links between Abraham Israel Pereira and Abraham Baruch Louzada. The Baruch Lousada link with the Henriques Faro family - which was evident from London circumcision and Amsterdam marriage records - is reinforced by the Israel Pereira link with both families as shown in this data. The data also shows a marriage link with the Den Haag Louzadas - who had Venice connections. The Den Haag Louzadas were thus Baruch Lousadas who skipped Livorno, probably originating with siblings of Isaac #42 remaining in Iberia, so their Amsterdam link is consistent with the Israel Pereira link to the Baruch Lousadas originating in Iberia.
142. Carrasco Vazquez and Jesus Antonio Entidad 'La minoria judeoconversa en la epoca Conde Duque de Olivares: auge y ocaso de Juan Nunez Saravia (1585-1639)' Tesis Doctorale Universidad de Alcala 2005 - cover page and p445 have been uploaded
143. Yosef Kaplan ed 'The Dutch Intersection: The Jews and the Netherlands in Modern History' Brill Leiden 2008
144. http://www.dutchjewry.org/P.I.G./steen/01079003.JPG which shows that the 1699 date commonly given for the death of Abraham Israel Pereira is incorrect - see uploaded image which shows date of death as 30 Tisri 5435. The possible source of the error was pointed out by Fernando Gonzalez del Campo Roman as 'Memorias de Litteratura Portugueza' v3 p258 - a list of contents of this 4 vol collection has been unloaded
145. By his email of 18 Aug 2014, Fernando Gonzalez del Campo Roman advised that Pereira was in fact born in Villaflor in 1606 and was married in Madrid in 1628 to Beatriz Gomez after moving there in 1623. His father was Antonio Pereira. It is common to find that the birthdate of Thome Rodrigues Pereira is given as ~1601 in Madrid. By his subsequent email of 28 Aug 2014 Fernando Gonzalez del Campo Roman advised that he had uncovered data that suggests that Tomas Rodrigues Pereira and Fernando Montezinos married Rodriguez Gomez sisters Rachel and Catalina and that Pereira arrived in Madrid in 1617. The data in both cases is not primary and needs evaluation. By his 12 Sep 2014 email he provided details from original records and his (subsequently updated) report has been uploaded. This hugely amplifies our original report of the origin of Abraham Israel Pereira aka Tomas Rodrigues Pereira.
148. The Pressburg ancestry can be found here - http://www.geni.com/people/Lyon-de-Symons/6000000002765656291 - while by email Randy Schoenberg on 31 Jul 2014 provided some of the background to the data (citing Celia Male and Paul Diamant) and the current mutual link http://geni.com/96KBg.
149. By his email of 3 Oct 2014, Fernando Gonzalez del Campo Roman advised that he had just uncovered Livorno data - from a secondary published source - on a roll of electors for the position of treasurer of the Livorno Synagogue which indicates that Isaac Baruch Louzada #42 was a nephew of Abraham Levi Lousada and from this one can deduce that either Isaac's mother was a Levi Lousada or Abraham Levi Lousada's wife was a Baruch Lousada. An extract of this data has been uploaded. The secondary source is given as Lucia Frattarelli Fischer 'Reti locali e reti internazionalli degli ebrei de Livorno del Seicento' in EUI Working Paper HEC No2002/2 'Commercial Networks in the Early Modern World' edited by Diogo Ramad Curto and Anthony Molho.
150. Naturalisation Papers of Antoine Rodrigues Lamego, Beatrix
Enriques (his wife) and Bartholemé Rodrigues Febar (his son with Johana Febar).
- uploaded -
provided by Departement de Seine et Maritime Aug 2014. Online ref:
151. Henriques Faro data from Dotar records Amsterdam - uploaded.
152. Mark R Cabouret 'The premier bird painter of the colonies: the early career of Neville Henry Cayley in Victoria' The Latrobe Journal of the State Library of Victoria nos. 93-4 Sep 2014 pp51-76
153. By his email of 4 Dec 2014, Fernando Gonzalez del Campo Roman provided many details of the ancestors of Fernando Montezinos whose early years can be found summarised here. In his full report can be found the claim to the Cuenca Inquisition by Fernando Montezinos that his great-grandfather came from Jerez de la Frontera near Cadiz to Villaflor around 1492 with the dubious claim that he was an Old Christian nobleman. The father of Fernando Montezinos was Manuel Lopes Telles, the grandfather was Juan Lopez Tellez and the great-grandfather was Manuel Lopez Tellez. A nephew of Fernando Montezinos, Manuel Lopes Telles, married Violante Pereira of Villaflor and died in Madrid in 1644. Details are also included of some Pereira de Lousadas of Toulouse around 1660. Later, the data appeared in a conference paper that he read on 24 Mar 2015 in Israel at the Mapping the Anousim Diaspora Conference.
154. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/london-record-soc/vol2/introduction discusses the 1695 census and its originating Act of 1694 designed to raise revenue (to fight the French) in a graduated way requiring a detailed enumeration of the population. Taxes were to be levied on births, deaths and marriages and also on bachelors over 25 and childless widowers. Assessors were to have produced their population details by 1 May 1695.
155. Denton Prout and Fred Feely '50 Years Hard: The Story of Pentridge Gaol From 1850-1900' Rigby, Adelaide 1967
156. Ellis Waterhouse 'Gainsborough' Spring Books London 1958. The black and white Raphael Franco portrait we show is stated by ref 47 to correspond to #267 in Waterhouse's list of portraits with #268 being probably corresponding to a portrait of Raphael Franco's wife Leah. Ref 47 states that #267 is lost and #268 was destroyed.
157. Henry Roche by email 20 Jan 2015 advised that Walter Jacob Levi was not the son of Jacob Joseph Levi but the son of Jacob & Elizabeth Levi of Portsmouth whose children in order were Judith, Anna, Walter & Isaac (twins), Solomon & Sarah. Henry Roche advises that he descends from Judith. Henry Roche's listing of the Jews of Portsmouth on http://synagoguescribes.com/blog/portsmouth-records-by-henry-roche/ contains some details of the Jews of Portsmouth eg it indicates that the father of Jacob was Benjamin Levi of Wiesbaden, but it also provides some further Portsmouth links to Barbados. Subsequently, by email on 5 Apr 2015, Henry Roche suggested that a pre-1817 link was formed because two sisters-in-law of Judith Joseph Levi's sister Simha Levi ie Elisabeth and Hannah Cohen married Moses Nathan and Moses Levi of Portsmouth and London.
158. Carlos Gomez-Centurion Jimenez 'Al cuidado del cuerpo del Rey: Los sumilleres de corps en el siglo XVIII' Cuadernos de Historia Moderna 2003:199-239 and a copy has been uploaded.
159. J H Elliott 'The Court of the Spanish Habsburgs: a peculiar institution?' in Phyllis Mack and Margaret C Jacob eds 'Politics and Culture in Early Modern Europe: essays in honour of H G Koenigsberger' CUP Cambridge 1987 on p7 explains the 3 principal functionaries attending to the King's material wants - mayordomo mayor (Lord High Steward) attended to feeding and housing, camerero mayor (Grand Chamberlain) attended to personal service - but as this office fell into abeyance its reduced role became known as el sumiller de corps (Groom of the Stole), and the caballerizo mayor (Master of the Horse) attended to stables and transportation.
160. Ariel Hessayon 'From expulsion (1290) to readmission (1656): Jews in England' a lecture was delivered at the Annual conference of the Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain on 29 October 2006 and at Goldsmiths, University of London on 6 December 2006, now available on http://www.jewishgen.org/jcr-uk/england_articles/1290_to_1656.htm
161. Steven Nadler 'Rembrandt's Jews' University of Chicago Press 2004
162. Nicholas Draper in his 21 Jul 2015 email to Tony Harding commented that after agreeing a £20m sum to be paid to the slave-owners, the British government in 1835 launched a tender, inviting financial syndicates to raise that sum in conjunction with a new debt issue. Only one bid was received - from Nathan Rothschild and Sir Moses Montefiore - and it was to underwrite only £15m of the new paper because some colonies (Mauritius, Cape of Good Hope, Barbados) were on a slower timetable and in the end their balance of £5m was paid directly in Government stock and not underwritten (which of course led to some merchants making small fortunes from under-informed planters in Mauritius). Because only one financing bid was received there were suggestions of collusion, but ref 50 p102 points out that the unfavourable terms accepted by the underwriting syndicate ultimately benefited its philanthropic reputation(s).
163. P Lynn and G Armstrong 'From Pentonville to Pentridge' State Library of Victoria 1996 provide the following description of the early evolution of Victoria's prisons - 'In December 1851 there were only 29 people in prison in Victoria. Two years later there were 955. The Victorian gold rush lured to Victoria ex-convicts and escapees - from New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land - who re-offended and were sent to prison. The prisons soon became overcrowded, so the Victorian government decided to use prison hulks. In 1852 it purchased the ship President and had it fitted out as a floating prison. But the prison population continued to rise, so the following year the government purchased the Deborah, Success and Sacramento for conversion into prison ships, followed by the Lysander in 1854. The ships had their masts removed and were anchored off Williamstown on Hobson's Bay. They held the worst offenders in the penal system.'
164. By email on 28 Jul 2015, Fernando Gonzalez del Campo Roman provided data from the Archives of the Ministry of Justice of Spain. This data has been uploaded as have 2 documents referred to in this data - document 6 of 17 Apr 1915 reporting the failure of the 1915 application, and document 3 of 20 Apr 1861 where a copy of the Italian title deed is requested from the Spanish authorities by Emanuel #93 via the Spanish herald Juan Antonio Jimenez y Alvarez and where Emanuel #135 is described as Sumiller de Corps.
165. Catherine Hall et al 'Legacies of British Slave-ownership' Cambridge UP 2014; Nicholas Draper by email has sent us some advance data from the next publication of the project. Simon Barrow and Emanuel Baruh Lousada #142 each received £2,536 18S - see https://www.ucl.ac.uk/lbs/person/view/11830 in connection with Banks, St Ann, Jamaica which lists Simon Barrow as a co-owner. Emanuel (as executor and mortgagor) was also a recipient of £4,194 18S 1D in connection with a plantation - see https://www.ucl.ac.uk/lbs/claim/view/12171. In the latter case Isaac Baruh Lousada jnr (probably Isaac #68 Emanuel's nephew or possibly Isaac #92 father-in-law of Isaac #68) was unsuccessful in obtaining compensation. It is not stated which plantation this relates to but 'Vere' points to the Parish of Vere containing the Carlisle Estate, but the £10,000 mortgage finance provided by Emanuel - an amount at great risk - makes it possible to understand why Emanuel #142, ignoring Isaac #68, left Peak House to the next son of Moses ie John Baruh Lousada and also appointed him as executor of his will!
166. Trevor Burnard 'Credit, Kingston Merchants and the Atlantic Slave Trade in the Eighteenth Century' presented at the Stirling Conference of the British Group in Early American History held on 3 Sep 2009 - a copy has been uploaded
167. Malcolm Brown and Judith Samuel 'The Jews of Bath' JHSE Historical Studies XXIX:135-64 1988
168. By email on 25 Apr 2015, Fernando Gonzalez del Campo Roman provided data from the Archives of the Royal Palace of Spain. This data has been uploaded.
169. http://www.angelfire.com/mb2/jodensavanne/ - 2 lists of Jews - attending the 1671 consecration of the Cassipora synagogue, and contributing in 1695 to a hospital in Paramaribo - have been extracted from this website and are reproduced here - the primary sources of these lists is not evident but probably can be found in the useful list of sources and documents also downloaded from that website.
170. Sir Thomas Colyer-Fergusson 'Jewish Museum Small Collection' Society of Genealogists, London. Click here for part 1 and here for part 2 of his Montefiore notes.
171. Gilles Boulu et Alain Nedjar 'La communaute juive portuguaise de Tunis, dite livournaise, au 19e siecle. Deux registres matrimoniaux inedits' Genealog-J #123 Automne 2015:31-43. An extract showing a genealogy of the Tunis Baruch Lousadas may be found by clicking here.
172. Ian Williams 'Rum: a Social and Sociable History' Nation Books NY 2005
173. Constance Battersea 'Reminiscences' Macmillan London 1922
174. Roland Wettenhall 'Victoria's Yellow Stain: The Fleet of Floating Prisons' Victorian Historical Journal 86(2) Dec 2015:250-75. This article discusses in some detail the hulks referred to in 163 above, and shows that the President, the Deborah and perhaps the Success were brought into service during Samuel Barrow's term and the Sacramento and the Lysander during John Price's term. Stockades were built - initially at Pentridge in Samuel Barrow's term - and also at Richmond, Williamstown and Collingwood. Samuel Barrow's title did not immediately reflect the additional facilities brought into service during 1852 - the President and the Deborah being additional to Pentridge Stockade. Perhaps some of the additional stockades were also brought into service in 1852 as well.
175. On 25 Dec 2015, Ton Tielen provided some further 'Lousada' occurrences in the notary books of the Amsterdam Municipal Archive - these occurrences have been uploaded. This set of data added to our knowledge of the Curacao and Amsterdam Baruch Lousadas, and also the Livorno Levi Lousadas. It suggested that there was another sibling Daniel in the family of Isaac Baruch Lousada #42 - who perhaps went to Nevis before 1674. It also suggested that the Den Haag Louzadas - whom we knew had links with the Israel Pereira and Mercado families in parallel with the Baruch Lousadas - may also be Baruch Lousadas but perhaps like Abraham Israel Pereira they came to Amsterdam/Den Haag via Venice rather than Livorno.
176. A profile has been uploaded of a remarkable Sephardic Jew Jeronimo Nunes da Costa aka Moses Curiel. He was a key Agent for Portugal in Amsterdam in the 2nd half of the 1600s, and a cousin of Duarte Rodrigues Lamego of Rouen who gathered information on France for Portugal during the same period.
177. Jessica Roitman ''A flock of wolves instead of sheep': The Dutch West India Company, Conflict Resolution, and the Jewish Community of Curacao in the Eighteenth Century' pp85-106 Chap 4 in Jane S Gerber ed 'The Jews in the Caribbean' The Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, Portland 2014
178. See www.tiarks.co.uk. An older but similar dataset is conveniently uploaded here and into this we have inserted a photograph of Foxbury. Both editions of the Tiarks genealogy appear to contain an error on p29 for as Diana Mayne by email 21 Jan 2016 reported, family papers show that the 4th and 5th children of James Tayler Morris and Sarah Skanes were Sarah Anne born in 1836 and Henry Charles Edward born 11 Mar 1838 as compared with the p29 data which shows the reverse birthdate order.
179. Toby Green 'Inquisition: the Reign of Fear' Macmillan London 2007
180. A set of 214 images of the trial of Amador de Lousada was obtained from Torre de Tomba and though they difficult to read, transcription by Fernando Gonzalez del Campo Roman has yielded an astonishing amount of information. His transcript has been uploaded and in this transcript can be seen Villaflor, Amador's unmarried daughter Brites/Briatis/Beatriz Alvares, a paternal grandmother with the same name, and the names Jeronimo and Rodriguez - all of which encourage us to further contemplate that Amador de Lousada was the maternal grandfather of Tomas Rodrigues Pereira aka Abraham Israel Pereira whose mother had the name Beatriz Geronima. While Edgar Samuel as of 2 Mar 2016 strongly suspects that Amador de Lousada and his father Pedro are direct ancestors of the Livorno Baruch Lousadas, he commented that further evidence is needed to confirm that Amador's daughter was in fact Beatriz Geronima. Currently, such further evidence is circumstantial and derives from ref 141 which shows a very close relationship between the Baruch Lousadas and the Israel Pereiras. Summarizing this relationship - Abraham Israel Pereira d1674 was a much older cousin of Abraham Baruch Lousada d1714 (brother of Moses Baruch Lousada of London), the age difference suggesting that Abraham Israel Pereira had a Baruch Lousada mother rather than Abraham Baruch Lousada having an Israel Pereira mother, Jacob the son of Abraham Israel Pereira took Sarah Louzada as his second wife and she as a Den Haag Louzada appears to be a Baruch Lousada, Jacob gives bequests to the daughters of Moses Baruch Lousada and (revoking this for reasons unknown) then to the daughters of Moses's brother Jacob, and finally Jacob Israel Pereira was a cousin of Abraham Henriques Faro who witnessed the marriage of Sarah daughter of Moses Baruch Lousada who late in life married his own Henriques Faro niece Rachel (Moses having previously had another Henriques Faro wife).
181. On 21 Mar 2016, Laura Arnold Leibman provided the following information: John Castello Montefiore was baptized on 20 April 1810 at St. Michael's Cathedral as an adult. He is listed as a free mulatto (Barbados Church Records 1637-1887 film no 001157925). He married Mary Elizabeth Law on 15 April 1818, also at St. Michael's Cathedral (Barbados Church Records 1637-1887 film no 001157926). Mary Elizabeth was born in 1799 and died in 1877. In the records of their marriage, they both have the acronym FM after their names, again meaning free mulatto. While this may seem appalling, records such as these were actually the official way that people were recognized as having the higher status of being partially white. Indeed, John Castello Montefiore and his son John Montefiore were two of the wealthiest men of African descent in Bridgetown. Their names often appear in histories of the emancipation era (1800-1833/34). They signed numerous petitions for civil rights for people of African descent, and were important merchants. A great resource on this era is Melanie Newton's 'The Children of Africa in the Colonies: Free People of Color in the Age of Emancipation' of 2012. John had a store on Swan Street, near most of his Jewish kin (Barbados Newspapers 1854 gives the address, but it is also in the Vestry books for St. Michael's parish).
182. http://sammlungen.ub.uni-frankfurt.de/freimann/content/titleinfo/736310 contains an online electronic version of JHSE Miscellanies I of which pages xxiv-xxxiii (corresponding to pages 34-43 of the PDF document) contain a list of passes issued by the English authorities in the 1689-96 period to Jews travelling to and from England. A copy including of these pages has been uploaded.
183. See http://www.dutchjewry.org/phpr/amsterdam/tim_sephard_marriages/amsterdam_tim_sephard_marriages_view.php?editid1=888
184. See ref 85 which shows a 3 Tebet 5500 deathdate
185. Renzo Toaff 'La Nazione Ebrea a Livorno e a Pisa 1591-1700' L S Olschki Editore 1990
185. On 18 Jun 2013 Ton Tielen by email sent information from Dotar records about Luna Baruch Lousada and her connection with Abraham and David Pereira. The relevant part of this email has been uploaded. Though unsuccessful in winning a dowry with Dotar she married Jacob Franco Nunes in Amsterdam in 1675.
186. See http://lumbroso.info/3.html which contains the following secondary data 'Un acte du Consulat de France du 24 avril 1686 indique que sont comparus devant le chancelier du consulat: Jacob et Rafael de Daniel Lumbroso, Moses Mendes Ossuna et Jacob Baruk Lousada, habitants de cette ville qui, ayant représenté l'état de nécessité extrème au quel leur communauté est réduite, ont demandé à emprunter une somme de mille pièces de 8 réaux. Le consul leur concède un prêt de 1,000 pièces remboursable à Livourne au taux de change maritime de 16% garanti par Jacob Suares et Isaque Levi Lousada, les quels « en qualité d'esclaves » seront enfermés au bagne de son S.A.S. Le Grand Duc de Toscane « jusqu'à la réalisation de payement » Jacob de Daniel Lumbroso et les autres notables livournais se portant eux aussi garants'.
187. We have uploaded from the internet some arrival data for Victoria in which 2 Lousadas appear. The birthdates suggested that J(ohn) b~1839 and Charles b~1841 may have fallen into the family of the Yorkshire Lousadas as brothers of Arthur b1837 but Alan Pereira advised that he could not find them in English birth records. Accordingly it now seems likely that these 2 records refer, notwithstanding the inaccurate birthdate estimation and transciption errors, to sons of John Baruh Lousada of Peak House namely John Mortimer Lousada b1841 or perhaps Harry Burningham Lousada b1844 and Edward Charles Lousada b1854.
188. Cecil Roth 'The membership of the Great Synagogue of London, to 1791' JHSE Miscellanies VI 1962:175-86
189. In https://web.archive.org/web/20050508075955/http://www.eclipse.co.uk/exeshul/susser/gsbirths/gsbirthsfour.htm can be found at GSB S023-5 the last 3 children of Baron Lyon de Symons who is noted as follows: Mr. Leib son of Shmuel Pressburg de Symons of Vienna, noted as Baron Lyon de Symons 1743-1814 and also the person listed at #231 in ref 188 above.
190. In early 2013 James Greener sent a first instalment of Barbados documents
191. Later in 2013 James Greener sent a larger (40MB) instalment of Barbados documents.
192. Joanne McCree Sanders editor and complier 'Barbados Records Wills and Administrations Vol3 1701-25'. The Preface describes how only 80 or so wills before 1723 exist, the wills record books are incomplete, and the recopied record books were done in a somewhat haphazard fashion. The original record books can be consulted if the recopied books are dubious, but of course only where the original record books exist. The recopied will record of Aaron Baruh Lousada #376 is an example of what was produced.
193. Edgar Samuel 'London's Portuguese Jewish community' Shemot 2016:12-4 (copy uploaded)
194. Sandra Lousada 'Private Faces Public Places' Frances Lincoln Limited, London 2009
194. On 9 Feb 2017 Ton Tielen pointed out a testament from David Baruch Louzada and Rebecca Lopes Mirandella of 1705 on http://tinyurl.com/j7xcz2t and as David made a new will in 1739 (presumably related to the 1738 deed - #112 above), we may assume that he was a widower then. What is not clear is whether Rebecca or an earlier wife was the mother of the daughter we believe is named Rachel but this is the way we leave it for the moment. The testament is uploaded.
195. Patricia Sees 'Jewish Scientists and the Origin of Modern Navigation' Chap 3 in ref 196.
196. Paolo Bernadini & Norman Fiering eds 'The Jews and the Expansion of Europe to the West 1450-1800' Berghahn Books NY & Oxford 2001
197. John D Garrigus 'New Christians/''New Whites'':Sephardic Jews, Free People of Colour, and Citizenship in French Saint-Domingue, 1760-1789' Chap 16 in ref 196.
198. Silvia Marzagalli 'Atlantic Trade and Sephardim Merchants in Eighteenth Century France: the Case of Bordeaux' Chap 14 in ref 196.
199. Wim Klooster 'The Jews in Suriname and Curacao' Chap 18 in ref 196.
200. E P F Lynch 'Somme Mud' Random House Sydney 2006
201. At https://archief.amsterdam/inventarissen/inventaris/5075.nl.html#NOTD00116000006