Villaflor and the connection between the Baruch Lousada, Henriques Faro, Israel Pereira and (Levi) Montezinos families
This complex chart of the family links is made possible by a number of intermediate conclusions that can be drawn from the data. Abraham Israel Pereira was a full cousin of Abraham who was a half/step-brother and probable cousin of Moses Baruch Lousada of London (see note 3 below). Jacob Israel Pereira was a full cousin of Abraham Henriques Faro (see note 4 below). Moses Baruch Lousada had 2 marriages to Henriques Faro women - the second to a niece of the first (see note 5 below) and we know the name of a brother of each wife (see note 5 below). David Henriques Faro (see below) was a brother of Abraham Henriques Faro the elder (see note 2 below). Abraham Israel Pereira (formerly Tomas Rodrigues Pereira) was a brother-in-law of Fernando Montezinos (see note 6 below). The 2nd wife of Jacob Israel Pereira was a Den Haag Louzada (see note 10 below).
These links go back to Villaflor. Thus, Abraham Israel Pereira, Fernando Montezinos, George Lopes Telles and David Henriques Faro were all born there in the 1588-1610 period. The Baruch Lousadas must have been there to supply the wife who became the mother of Abraham Israel Pereira. The man who set off some Messianic excitement by discovering 'lost tribes of Israel' in the region of present-day Colombia - Antonio de Luis Montezinos of Villaflor or Aaron Levi (ref 8 pp195-211) and we therefore suppose that he and Fernando Montezinos were members of the family who became known in Livorno and Amsterdam as Levi Montezinos - though Fernando remained careful of his Seville New Christian sons and died a New Christian in Antwerp. Though we know much of the family background of Fernando Montezinos (see note 7 below) we have yet to link him with the later Levi Montezinos families. These families were not the only ones in Amsterdam from Villaflor
After Villaflor, Abraham Israel Pereira and Fernando Montezinos lived for decades as wealthy Portuguese New Christians in Madrid before making their respective escapes with fortunes more or less intact. Livorno figured in the Baruch Lousada dispersal but the Henriques Faros trajectory, before they appeared in Amsterdam and London, is unknown to us at present. Some family members lived on in Villaflor - for our distant relative Michael Waas found a 1637 Spanish Inquisition record of a Lope Rodrigues Pereira of Villaflor (see also note 10 below). But just as the Israel Pereira presence in Amsterdam may have facilitated the Baruch Lousada dispersal to London and Amsterdam, so may the Montezinos/Lamego link have facilitated the Baruch Lousada dispersal to Barbados around 1660 and Jamaica around 1705.
1. An earlier marriage of Moses Baruch Lousada yielded the younger Abraham Baruch Lousada and it seems that Moses Henriques Faro was his uncle who witnessed circumcision #20 of Table A of Bevis Marks Records 4 - this source seems to identify the witness' relationship to the parent unless identified by reference to the child as in #12 and #22.
2. The two Isaac Henriques Faros were cousins and had successive positions on Dotar (ref 151) and Isaac d1719 had a father David (see burial record below). Isaac d1686 followed his father Abraham.
3. Ref 141 shows that Abraham Israel Pereira 1606-74 was a 'cousin germain' of Abraham Baruh Lousada. The latter died 1714 in London and was brother of Aaron who died 1693 in Barbados, Moses who died 1699 in London, and David who died 1699 in Amsterdam having been born 1640 in Livorno; on the basis of year of death we take the birth of Abraham Baruch Lousada to have been after 1640. Because of their age difference the 2 Abrahams must have been born almost a generation apart. This suggests that Abraham Israel Pereira had a Baruch Lousada mother. We know the parents of Abraham Israel Pereira from ref 145. However, we have not been able to completely prove that Beatriz Geronima was Briatis, the first daughter of Amador de Lousada. He was from Vinhais, but linked to many people including those named Rodrigues from nearby Braganza and more distant Villaflor. One of the people named Rodrigues was Hieronimo of Braganza. Though he is recorded in 1590 as being a son-in-law of Gaspar Laines, he may be the source of Beatriz Geronima's name (if she became his second wife who then went on to marry Antonio Rodrigues who - in this hypthesis - became a widower before Tomas was born in 1606. As her father was sentenced by the Coimbra Inquisition, she perhaps for prudence was named with no indication of a link to her father). In ref 153 can be found some details of the Pereira de Louzadas of Toulouse but we have yet to see whether this sheds light on the family connection.
4. Ref 141 shows that Jacob Israel Pereira (son of Abraham Israel Pereira) was a 'cousin germain' of Abraham Henriques Faro, and we also know that Isaac Henriques Faro (d1686 Amsterdam) married Rebecca Pereira (d1693 Amsterdam - see their death records below) thus supplying the recent Amsterdam link between the families. (Another Isaac/Rebecca pair was considered but does not appear relevant - see note 8 below). Thus Abraham Henriques Faro appears to be the son of Isaac d1686. An Abraham Henriques Faro married Esther Velozinos in 1681 but he does not seem to be the Abraham Henriques Faro who witnessed the marriage of Sarah Baruch Lousada in 1709 (see note 9 below). Thus it seems that Abraham the marriage witness and Abraham the cousin of Jacob Israel Pereira must be the same person.
5. Moses Henriques Faro appears as a brother of the first wife (name unknown) of Moses Baruch Lousada (see note 1 above). Abraham Henriques Faro is an uncle of Sarah Baruch Lousada b1681 at her 1709 wedding and is thus a brother of Moses' second Henriques Faro wife as shown in Amsterdam marriage data. As ref 141 shows, Sarah's mother was Rachel, and that Jacob Israel Pereira was a full cousin of Abraham Henriques Faro, seemingly implying that he was also a cousin of Rachel and thus that Rachel was probably also a child of Isaac d1686 (see note 4 above). Could Rachel also have been a niece of Jacob Israel Pereira as ref 141 indicates? This would probably mean that the first wife of Jacob Israel Pereira was a Henriques Faro and that he married a young aunt ie a sister of Isaac Henriques Faro in which case Rachel would indeed be his niece. This suggestion receives no support from the fact that Jacob did have an earlier wife, but she was Rebecca de Paiva who was born in Seville in 1631 but died in Amsterdam in 1667. Perhaps therefore ref 141 mistakenly describes Rachel as a niece of Jacob when 'young cousin' was intended. In any event, it seems that Rachel was the niece of (the first wife of) Moses Baruch Lousada himself (since both his spouses were Henriques Faros and his daughter Sarah appeared a generation after his sons Mordecai and Abraham) and the chart shows this. So perhaps after all, and as we first read it, ref 141 can be taken to mean that Moses Baruch Lousada married his own niece! Daughter Sarah of Moses was to receive a bequest in Jacob's initial will but this bequest to Sarah (and her sister(s) who perhaps died young - the London records do not show such a death but certainly show a son b1686 died young) was later revoked on 3 Feb 1704 in favour of her cousins the children of Jacob Baruch Lousada. Jacob Baruch Lousada was a brother of Moses and died in Amsterdam in 1681 - 2 of his 3 daughters Simha and Rebecca did not marry. Perhaps Jacob Israel Pereira in making the bequest to Sarah did not realise that the unmarried Amsterdam daughters of Jacob Baruch Lousada were of more help to him in his old age than the much younger Sarah who was then in London. But perhaps he contributed to Sarah's dowry, though her marriage would have been long-planned if this was so for it occurred 5 years after the revocation!
6. Madrid data (ref 145) gives us the origin and marriage of Abraham Israel formerly Tomas Rodrigues Pereira and also the marriage of Fernando Montezinos making him a brother-in-law.
7. For the family background of Fernando Montezinos see ref 153. Using this reference, for example, we can see that Pedro Lopes Telles was a brother of Fernando Montezinos and also Manuel Lopes Telles; the latter, also named Manuel Serra, spent periods in La Rochelle and Hamburg before he settled in Amsterdam in 1631. But Pedro Lopes Telles was an uncle of George Lopes Telles, born in Villaflor in 1607 and hence George was probably the son of Manuel Lopes Telles and of course nephew of Fernando Montezinos.
8. Confusingly another Isaac Faro #1386 who died 20 Kislev 5431 (1670) married a Rebecca but this one is named Rebecca Simha. She did show the Pereira name and Isaac did not show the Henriques name.
9. The former Abraham had a brother Isaac (who witnessed his 1681 marriage) but the father of the latter Abraham was Isaac - we have found that the likelihood of same-name father-son pairs in Amsterdam was 2%. Instead Isaac Henriques Faro son of David may be the brother of the former Abraham.
10. Based on our exploration of the descendants of Amador de Lousada, and because we now consider the Den Haag Louzadas to be Baruch Lousadas, Sarah's father Isaac appears to have been a 2nd cousin (once removed) of Jacob Israel Pereira and to have descended from descendants of Amador de Lousada who remained in Portugal and Spain rather than proceeding to Livorno like Isaac #42 and other relatives. Many Iberian Lousada/Rodriguez links can be seen in ref 145, no doubt also arising from the descendants of Amador de Lousada who remained in Portugal or Spain.
11. The Coutinho family - with whom the Israel Pereiras had later links - were also in Villaflor (see http://www.dutchjewry.org/phpr/amsterdam/tim_sephard_marriages/amsterdam_tim_sephard_marriages_view.php?editid1=3675, http://digitarq.dgarq.gov.pt/details?id=2352194, but note that this marriage has a groom David Pereira b1614 Lisbon who may not in fact be a Rodrigues/Israel Pereira).