The Baruch Lousadas of Barbados
The first line of this chart shows the 4 Baruh Lousada siblings David, Aaron, Gracia and Abraham who as described in ref 5 started the family presence in Barbados. Their places of death demonstrate mobility typical of Sephardic families in those times. All the Barbados Baruch Lousadas found in refs 61 and 132 can be fitted into the chart mostly without difficulty. We do not show one person who may fit here - Rachel Baruh Lousada who was the wife of Isaac Lamego. As discussed here (see note 14) we consider that she was the daughter of David #612 shown above.
An Emanuel Baruh Louzada of Barbados appears in the will of Sarah #384, but this extra Emanuel is probably the one having a lifespan of 1737-92 (#287 ref 61) and is thus of a later generation than Emanuel #41 who went to Jamaica. Rachel, a niece of Isaac Lindo whose will shows she was the daughter of David Baruh Louzada, was a widow when she married Emanuel a widower (ref 132 #10) in 1783. Most likely she had previously married Emanuel's brother Daniel when she was aged about 16. Daniel taking after his uncle David was Hazan - cantor - for services in the Bridgetown synagogue; Emanuel and Rachel were buried next to him. (In fact, ref 61 shows grave #286 was that of Esther d1775, Emanuel's first wife; #287 was that of Emanuel, #288 was that of Rachel and #289 was that of Daniel). The Lindo will also shows that Ephraim Baruh Louzada was a nephew of Isaac Lindo and hence probably Rachel's brother; he and Esther - whom we think was Rachel's daughter with Daniel (Esther was not listed in the will though another sister Rebecca was) - both died on 10 Oct in the hurricane of 1780, and Ephraim at age 25 would have been the uncle of Esther aged 12.
Rachel had thus suffered 3 major losses (husband, brother and daughter) in the 1779-80 period and perhaps her marriage to Emanuel in 1783 was a comfort; but it was not without challenge. For Karl Watson (in ref 131 Chapter 11 p214) remarks that the inheritance of the free mulatto Amelia Baruh under the will of the widow Rachel Baruh Lousada would have left her a wealthy woman, for the childless Rachel inherited the fortune of her husband Emanuel Baruh Lousada. Watson says that Amelia was 'in all likelihood the illegitimate daughter of Emanuel Baruh Lousada and that the two (half-) siblings John (Meik) and Judith (Annesly) (who also inherited under Rachel's will) were probably the children of Amelia Baruh'. Her bequest to Amelia Baruh seems to reflect a compassionate nature untainted by her own misfortune.
It seems that Amelia Baruh carried the line forward to the present day if she was indeed the Barbados Baruh Lousada ancestor that Errol Barrow claimed he had! An evocative portrayal of life in Barbados can be found in ref 92. The author's family knew Errol Barrow, who in 1966 became first post-independence Prime Minister of Barbados. Errol Barrow's elder sister Dame Ruth Nita Barrow became in 1990 the first woman appointed Governor-General of Barbados. Errol Barrow told Mordechai Arbell (ref 21) that he (Barrow) was descended from the Barbados Baruh Lousadas. So far we have not confirmed the link, and that would seem to require establishing the ancestry of Errol Barrow - working backward - a task we had not yet attempted.
1. Aaron and Isaac, the last known Barbados Baruh Lousadas, presented a challenge and because there seemed to be no alternative (Rachel had no surviving children - see comments on her will above) we suggest that they derive from a previously unknown third marriage of Jeremiah (to Esther #1576 d1809 Bridgetown) - this marriage would have been before 1778 (which is the date of the earliest marriage shown in ref 132) and after 1754 (the year Jeremiah's second wife Sarah died when he was 49). Aaron and Isaac may have been buried in London, for though ref 61 shows date of death, the Bevis Marks burial register appears to show modest payments ending in 1824 (Aaron) and 1822 (Isaac).
2. Solomon Baruch Lousada was a duplicated name - but the one buried at Bridgetown (ref 61) had a wife Jael and was Solomon #712 who died in 29 Nov 1743 aged 65. The other Solomon died on 28 June 1746 but having no identified grave he may have been an infant grandson of the first Solomon but we are unsure as to the father.
3. Three 3 wives of a Jacob Baruh Louzada are buried at Bridgetown. After reviewing the evidence we conclude that Jacob #380 married Leah (who died 2 Feb 1702) in Barbados before he moved to Jamaica around 1705. Jacob #380 was in Barbados at the time of his mother's death in 1703, but no children of his are apparent then, and he seems to have died in Jamaica on 22 June 1722 where he was buried at Hunts Bay (ref 88); so he seems to have packed a lot into 19 years - a second marriage, 5 children and a move to Jamaica. The other 2 wives of Jacob Baruh Louzada buried at Bridgetown - namely Rebecca and Rachel - were probably wives of Jacob #711, son of David Baruch Louzada #44. Certainly we know of Rebecca from ref 5.
4. The long-lived Jeremiah became the senior family representative in Barbados after 1768; he was probably the key point of contact with the Barrows after their arrival in Barbados, leading to the business and marriage links between the Barrows and the Baruh Lousadas. Jeremiah was the witness of the 1738 Barbados/Surinam deed written by his (probable) uncle David Baruch Lousada (described more fully in note 5 below).
5. As for David, the first son of Aaron #376, his father's will refers to him as going to London, we have a 1738 deed showing a Surinam link, and have found a record of his 1741 Barbados death (ref 100). Thus, details of his life are sketchy. The many assertions in the literature that Isaac Lamego #38 married Rachel Baruh Lousada makes us ask whether Rachel was a daughter of David. Perhaps, but the transcription of his mother's will gives her name as Ribca (the transcription could be erroneous).
6. Ref 85 gives us gravestone details of Frederick - these being supplied to the author by Vere Langford Oliver. Frederick died young, and must have been the son of one of the two last Barbados Baruch Lousadas but we do not know which one. He was probably mixed-blood, as ref 21 p200 reports he was buried in the St Mary church cemetery.
7. The will of Sarah Baruh Lousada #384 gives a bequest to Daniel Baruh Lousada but as his (probable) wife Rachel #1181 died childless their children did not outlive her - we identify one child Esther b1767 who died in the hurricane of 1780. This will treats him as if he were a brother of Emanuel.
8. An Abraham Baruh Lousada makes an appearance in ref 131 Chapter 11 p210 as a freemason apparently around the 1797-1829 period. We have no basis upon which to place him in the above chart as no other evidence of him has been found. However, perhaps he was the right age to have been a brother of Rachel, and we note David has 'children' according to the will of Sarah #384.