The Baruch Lousadas of Barbados

The first line of this chart shows the 4 Baruh Lousada siblings David, Aaron, Gracia and Abraham who as described in ref 5 started the family presence in Barbados. Their places of death demonstrate mobility typical of Sephardic families in those times. All the Barbados Baruch Lousadas found in refs 61 and 132 can be fitted into the chart mostly without difficulty (but see notes 1, 5 and 10 below). We do not include the Baruch Henriques family, but are less certain that the property-owning Rebecca Lousada (see
ref 207 PTI p3 dealing with property owner 1679-80) was not an unmarried Baruch Lousada sister of Aaron #376 and someone who might be included in the top line of the chart. The Abraham Baruch Lousada appearing in Barbados in 1729 (ref 207 PTI p25) may have been Abraham #1587 of Curacao as we cannot place him anywhere else.

 An Emanuel Baruh Louzada of Barbados appears in the will of Sarah #384, and is probably the one having a lifespan of 1737-92 (#287 ref 61) and is thus of a later generation than Emanuel #41 who went to Jamaica. Rachel, a niece of Isaac Lindo whose will shows she was the daughter of David Baruh Louzada, was a widow when she married Emanuel a widower (ref 132 #10) in 1783. Most likely she had previously married Emanuel's brother Daniel when she was aged about 16. Daniel taking after his uncle David was Hazan - cantor - for services in the Bridgetown synagogue; Emanuel and Rachel were buried next to him. (In fact, ref 61 shows grave #286 was that of Esther d1775, Emanuel's first wife; #287 was that of Emanuel, #288 was that of Rachel and #289 was that of Daniel). The Lindo will also shows that Ephraim Baruh Louzada was a nephew of Isaac Lindo and hence probably Rachel's brother with Rebecca her sister; Ephraim and Esther - whom we think was Rachel's daughter with Daniel (see note 7 below) - both died on 10 Oct in the hurricane of 1780, and Ephraim at age 25 would have been the uncle of Esther aged 12.

Rachel had thus suffered 3 major losses (husband, brother and daughter) in the 1779-80 period and perhaps her marriage to Emanuel in 1783 was a comfort; but it was not without challenge. For Karl Watson (in ref 131 Chapter 11 p214) remarks that the inheritance of the free mulatto Amelia Baruh under the will of the widow Rachel Baruh Lousada would have left her a wealthy woman, for the childless Rachel inherited the fortune of her husband Emanuel Baruh Lousada. Watson says that Amelia was 'in all likelihood the illegitimate daughter of Emanuel Baruh Lousada and that the two (half-) siblings John (Meik) and Judith (Annesly) (who also inherited under Rachel's will) were probably the children of Amelia Baruh'. Her bequest to Amelia Baruh seems to reflect a compassionate nature untainted by her own misfortune.

It seems that Amelia Baruh may have carried the line forward to the present day if she was indeed the Barbados Baruh Lousada ancestor that Errol Barrow claimed he had. But there were other mixed-race Baruch Lousadas in Barbados - an example being Frederick (see note 6 below). An evocative portrayal of life in Barbados can be found in ref 92. The author's family knew Errol Barrow, who in 1966 became first post-independence Prime Minister of Barbados. Errol Barrow's elder sister Dame Ruth Nita Barrow became in 1990 the first woman appointed Governor-General of Barbados. Errol Barrow told Mordechai Arbell (ref 21) that he (Barrow) was descended from the Barbados Baruh Lousadas. So far we have not confirmed the link, and that would seem to require establishing the ancestry of Errol Barrow - working backward - a task we have barely started (see ref 203).



Notes:

1.
Aaron and Isaac were the last known Barbados Baruh Lousadas from ref 61. Aaron who died 26 Feb 1824 was on the Jewish burial register but there is no memorial. Isaac was on a separate record of Jewish burials and death was between 24 May 1831 and 16 Jul 1832. Because there seemed to be no alternative (Rachel had no surviving children - see comments on her will above) we suggest that they derive from a previously unknown third marriage of Jeremiah (to Esther #1576 d1809 Bridgetown) - this marriage would have been before 1778 (which is the date of the earliest marriage shown in ref 132) and after 1754 (the year Jeremiah's second wife Sarah died when he was 49). Aaron and Isaac must have contemplated burial in London, for the Bevis Marks burial register appears to show modest payments ending in 1824 (Aaron) and 1822 (Isaac).

2. Solomon Baruch Lousada was a duplicated  name - but the one buried at Bridgetown (ref 61) had a wife Jael and was Solomon #712 who died in 29 Nov 1743 aged 65. The other Solomon died on 28 June 1746 but having no identified grave he may have been an infant grandson of the first Solomon but we are unsure as to the father.

3. Three 3 wives of a Jacob Baruh Louzada are buried at Bridgetown. After reviewing the evidence we conclude that Jacob #380 married Leah (who died 2 Feb 1702) in Barbados before he moved to Jamaica around 1705. Jacob #380 was in Barbados at the time of his mother's death in 1703, but no children of his are apparent then, and he seems to have died in Jamaica on 22 June 1722 where he was buried at Hunts Bay (ref 88); so he seems to have packed a lot into 19 years - a second marriage, 5 children and a move to Jamaica. The other 2 wives of Jacob Baruh Louzada buried at Bridgetown - namely Rebecca and Rachel - were probably wives of Jacob #711, son of David Baruch Louzada #44. Certainly we know of Rebecca from ref 5.

4. The long-lived Jeremiah became the senior family representative in Barbados after 1768; he was probably the key point of contact with the Barrows after their arrival in Barbados, leading to the business and marriage links between the Barrows and the Baruh Lousadas. However the Massiah family link was perhaps a stronger factor. Jeremiah was the witness of the 1738 Barbados/Surinam deed written by his (probable) uncle David Baruch Lousada (described more fully in note 5 below).

5. As for David, the first son of Aaron #376, his father's will refers to him as going to London, we have a 1738 deed showing a Surinam link, and have found a record of his 1741 Barbados death (ref 100). Thus, details of his life are sketchy. The many assertions in the literature that Isaac Lamego #38 married Rachel Baruh Lousada makes us ask whether Rachel was a daughter of David. Probably, for though the transcription of his mother's will gives her name as Ribca the transcription could be erroneous (his first daughter would have taken his mother's name of Rachel) and we consider that she probably was the wife of Isaac Lamego as discussed here (see note 14).

6. Ref 85 p12 gives us gravestone details of Master Frederick Baruh Lousada - data supplied to the author by Vere Langford Oliver. Frederick died aged 13 on 20 Apr 1816, and was buried at St Mary's Church Bridgetown. He was probably of mixed-blood as ref 21 p200 reports suggests.

7. The will of Sarah Baruh Lousada #384 gives a bequest to Daniel and Emanuel Baruh Lousada, sons of Jeremiah. Daniel's (probable) wife Rachel #1181 died childless so their children did not outlive her - we identify one child Esther b1767 who died in the hurricane of 1780. She does not appear in the will of Isaac Lindo but was of the generation after the children of David #1263 who did appear. The sons of Jeremiah #1189 - Daniel #1557 and Emanuel #1500 - were of the same generation but do not appear in the Isaac Lindo will. The omission of Daniel is understandable as he was married to Rachel. Emanuel #1500 however appears as executor of the will of Simon Massiah d1775, an uncle of Isaac Lindo's future daughter-in-law Rachel Massiah.

8. An Abraham Baruh Lousada makes an appearance in ref 131 Chapter 11 p210 as a freemason apparently around the 1797-1829 period. We have no basis upon which to place him in the above chart as no other evidence of him has been found. However, perhaps he was the right age to have been a brother of Rachel, and we note David has 'children' according to the will of Sarah #384.

9. We have tentatively placed Esther Baruch Lousada - whom ref 61 shows in Appendix I (those on the Jewish Burial Register but with no memorial) as dying 13 Tisri 5569 - as the third wife of Jeremiah #1189 and the mother of Aaron and Isaac shown above.

10. Two of the 3 suggested ''Baruch Lousadas'' in ref 210 we have rejected, and as discussed here (note 1) we accept only Rebecca #2111 (thus she is shown in the chart).