The 2 Amsterdam marriages of David Baruh Lousada #44 (see reference details in note 1 below) show his birth in Livorno and the birth of the wives in Paris and Madrid respectively. Accordingly, they give a fascinating impression of the pattern of departure from Iberia of the Baruch Louzadas and related families. The names of the 2 wives suggest linkage with the Lamegos of Madrid, Rouen and Jamaica, these links later emerging even more strongly with the 5 Lousada-Lamego marriages.

 

The 1699 Amsterdam death of David Baruch Louzada #44 (for sources see note 2 below) later in the same year that his London brother Moses #64 died. Whilst David was undoubtedly the son of Isaac and Luna, it is not clear that Moses was. Though wide regarded as a brother Moses seems to have been a step-brother. Further it is likely that neither Isaac nor Luna were his natural parents. Isaac may have married the widow of the natural father, but then married Luna when the widow also died. Perhaps therefore Moses was merely a cousin of David, but doubly so if Luna was the widow's sister!
   
   

 

 

 

       

  David Baruch Louzada had a senior role in the family business in Barbados and Amsterdam (see ref 5; and his Amsterdam house in Swanenburgerstraat had a plaque 'Isle of Barbados' - ref 101). He was endenized in 1664 and in 1667 he had a daughter in Barbados. He was therefore a resident of Barbados around 1667, and presumably had a Barbados marriage as a formal Jewish community had existed since about 1654 (ref 21). He then appeared, as we can see from the tax records, in Amsterdam in 1672 where he had two (further) marriages (in 1673 to Esther Rodrigues da Costa born in Paris, then in 1677 to Rachel Levi Gomes born in Madrid and whose mother was still in Madrid at the time of the marriage. He seems to have been a frequent visitor to Barbados - after his 1677 marriage he visited again leaving just before 1680 (see ref 5). In 1686 the year his mother Luna died he paid the Mahamad for a kaddish to be said for his parents and brother Jacob (ref 99). He made perhaps his last visit to Barbados after the 1695 death of his brother Aaron, when he was accompanied by his son Jacob (ref 5) who was endenized in 1687 but died in Barbados in 1711. Moses #67 was endenized in 1693 and was a probable son of David's 2nd marriage along with Isaac #1297 who is discussed below. In Amsterdam David was Gabay of the Aby Yetomin (a charitable society caring for orphan boys - see note 120 of Chapter 3 of ref 90 for the relationship of this charity with the community) in 1683, and this can be seen in his death record (above). He was a member of Dotar, a charity providing dowries for orphan Jewish girls, and Dotar records show a family link between David Baruch Louzada and Raphael Montezinos of Livorno (ref 107). He was Gabay of the Terra Santa charity, providing funding for devout Sephardim who travelled to Jerusalem (ref 108).

His oldest (surviving) son Isaac #1297 married a cousin Rebecca (daughter of his brother Jacob) in Bevis Marks in 1696; and his son Solomon married cousin Sarah (daughter of Moses) in Bevis Marks on 15 Kislev 5469 (this marriage was recorded in the same year in Amsterdam). These marriages can be seen in the chart of the broader family. We suggest that Isaac spent a year or two in Surinam and then Isaac on arrival in Curacao took on the community duty of administrator of burials in 1700 and his son David followed him in 1733. Isaac spent much of his life in Curacao and his grandsons Isaac and Jacob moved to Surinam this giving rise to the surviving Baruch Louzadas of Surinam as the original Surinam Baruch Louzadas appear to have left there for Curacao (see our chart of this Barbados/Curacao/Surinam linkage)! Isaac took his father's place on Dotar in 1714 (ref 107) so he must have travelled to Amsterdam for a period around this time. His sister Rebecca Hannah was born in Barbados in 1667 and married Abraham Henriques Moron (see note 3 below) in Curacao circa 1685 and died in Curacao in 1716. Abraham and the children then went to Amsterdam but in his 1718 will left a bequest to Rebecca's Curacao niece Clara a daughter of Isaac (ref 113 p146). Later Rebecca's daughter Esther married Isaac Orobio de Castro in Amsterdam in 1721 (see note 4 below).

Notes:

1. The 1673 marriage can be found at http://www.dutchjewry.org/phpr/amsterdam/tim_sephard_marriages/amsterdam_tim_sephard_marriages_view.php?editid1=1996 and the 1677 marriage can be found at http://www.dutchjewry.org/phpr/amsterdam/tim_sephard_marriages/amsterdam_tim_sephard_marriages_view.php?editid1=2082

2. The death summary can be found at http://www.dutchjewry.org/phpr/amsterdam/port_isr_gem_burials/amsterdam_port_isr_gem_burials_view.php?editid1=2509 and the detailed notes at  http://www.dutchjewry.net/jpg/00243601.jpg

3. Abraham was a son of Isaac Henriquez Moron, possibly the same Isaac Henriquez Moron who clashed with Commander de Fijne of Pomeroon in 1663 (ref 21). His wife was Rebecca Mocatta from a family with Livorno and well as Recife history. Pomeroon was a Dutch settlement which for almost a decade was a very successful sugar producer - this success was because of its experienced Jewish planters from Brazil, probably all of whom reached Pomeroon via Amsterdam. See elsewhere for the connection Pomeroon had with the formation of Surinam.

4. Isaac was only a namesake of the famous physician and philosopher who took part in the debates leading to the ex-communication of Baruch Spinoza and Juan de Prado by the Amsterdam Jewish community (see ref 18). The life of the original Isaac Orobio de Castro is also instructive. He was born in Braganza around 1617 as Baltazar de Orobio, to a New Christian family that tenaciously preserved Jewish rites in secret. His family moved to Spain, which had become for a time relatively more tolerant than Portugal of New Christians of doubtful Christian faith, settling in Malaga. He became a medical student at the University of Osuna in Andalucía and continued at the University of Alcala together with religious studies at Madre de Dios there (Juan de Prado also went there). The family tangled with the Spanish Inquisition at Cuenca. After a period in Seville where Isaac (Baltazar) served at the University and also as the physician of the Duke de Medinaceli, he ran foul of the Inquisition and ultimately made a departure around 1660 from Spain to the Bayonne region where crypto-Jewish relatives lived and with whom Baltazar's family had stayed in contact for many decades. In 1662 he went to Amsterdam where he was able to live as a Jew, and joined in many philosophical and religious discussions there.