Curacao, Livorno and the connection between the current-day English Lousadas and the Dutch Louzadas


After WW2 there was occasional contact between the 2 family branches and around 1960 a reunion in Portugal was held (see note 1 below). There was reason (see note 2) to think a connection existed but it was a mystery. Recent contact (including a meeting) between the 2 family branches led to a breakthrough, and the above chart shows our current thinking on the connection. As can be seen it involves Livorno, Barbados, Curacao and Surinam and goes back to Portugal. This followed our elucidation of the Barbados origin of the Jamaican Baruch Lousadas which meant that the English Baruch Lousadas could be traced to Barbados, and our linking of Amador de Lousada with the dispersal from Livorno. In addition, the genealogy of the Dutch Louzadas was taken back to Surinam (see ref 287 where our critique of the genealogy may be found) and the people in grey appeared in this source though the chart also shows details about them obtained from Curacao sources; the people in orange are people about whom we want to know more, and the people in pink are other Baruch Lousadas.

There were many Barbados links with Surinam (for a Baruch Lousada link see note 3 below), and later to Curacao (for Baruch Lousada links see note 4). Surinam and Curacao became closely linked as both colonies were run by the Dutch West Indies Company (WIC). The Barbados and Surinam lines of Baruch Lousadas intersected in the 1700 will (ref 113 p194) of that remarkable woman Gracia de Caceres #43 of Curacao (formerly Gracia de Mercado nee Baruch Lousada of Barbados). Her post-retirement travel from Barbados to Curacao is thus revealed, together with a further marriage, and (see note 5 below) the travel to Curacao from Surinam of the closely-related Moses #1585 and his son David #1586. From this we infer something of her parentage (see note 6 below). It was helpful to note that Isaac #1297 spent time in Curacao (see note 7 below) and his first son would have been named David and born around 1700. We suggest this first son was David #1528, born in Surinam (according to ref 287) around 1700, and this would mean that Isaac left Amsterdam to live in Surinam for a short period before arriving in Curacao where he took up official community duties around 1700. Then Isaac appeared in Amsterdam in 1714 where he emulated his father by carrying out duties for Dotar, but died in Curacao in 1721. Why would Isaac have gone to Surinam for a period of only 2 or 3 years? We note that a Moses B(aruch) Louzada was on a 1671 Surinam list but no Baruch Lousada was on a 1695 Surinam list (see note 10); that is - as Gracia's will implied - the elder David #1586 and his father Moses #1585 had left Surinam for Curacao and this must have been in the 1674-95 period (see note 8 below). Isaac's Surinam visit can thus be seen as an effort to restore the family's commercial links to Surinam which had weakened after the departure of David the elder and his father.

Our suggestion entails 4 lines of Baruch Louzadas were represented in Surinam. David #612 was long-term presence but returned to Barbados. Abraham #1587 was an active Curacao merchant (see note 9)  - and his son Isaac #1568 moved to Surinam from Curacao in the mid-1700s, and in the next generation Moses the son of Jacob #1594 followed his father's (probable) cousin Isaac #1568 there and married a Robles de Medina in-law. David #1528 was a visitor for his son Isaac #1582 was born there. Emile and Karin Louzada descend from Isaac #1568, and perhaps they also descend from David #44 (see note 11).

 

Notes:

  1. This was almost certainly organized by Hans Louzada 1917-1998 #2043, while Marion Irene Keyser nee Lousada 1917-2000 #246 planned to attend. Around 1960 she hosted a visit from Australia by Winton Harman Lousada 1918-2017 #494 at her house in Eaton Square. She invited him to the reunion but he could not attend. The visit followed Winton meeting Flora - Hans' wife - on a KLM flight around 1957. Hans became a senior executive of KLM after WW2 and spent time in England during WW2. Hans Lousada visited Lousada probably in the 1960s and the town presumably was on the itinerary for the reunion visit. Later Peter Lousada as a young businessman met the older Hans Lousada in Teheran in the 1980s.

  2. The English Baruh Lousadas and the Surinam Louzadas both use the 'Baruch' first surname and we note the interchangeability of 's' and 'z' in Portuguese.

  3. A specific family link was found when Ton Tielen (ref 112) pointed us to a deed of 20 Dec 1738 by which David Baruh Lousada #612 of Barbados authorizes the 'church wardens' of Surinam to manage his Surinam assets. The deed was written in English and was witnessed by his nephew Jeremiah Baruh Lousada #1189. The deed was part of the inheritance arrangements which were ratified in his will (see ref 224). David's wife was Rebecca Mirandella - a name which existed in Surinam (ref 169).

  4. One Barbados connection arose because the daughter Rachel of David #612 (who was born and died in Barbados but spent time in London and Surinam) received an inheritance in her father's will as Rachel Aboab of Curacao. In addition Rebecca Hannah (daughter of David #44) married Abraham Henriquez Moron of Curacao around 1685 (see descendants of David Baruch Louzada).

  5. In Gracia's Curacao will is a bequest to a David son of Moses - perhaps this refers to David the elder of Surinam whose father was Moses. However there were 2 Moses Baruch Lousada of Curacao - one who died in 1724 and the other in 1745. It is unlikely that the first Moses of Surinam - who was born around 1750 according to Fenneke's genealogy - died in 1745 for 95 was an unlikely age to reach. Thus we identify the first Baruch Lousada of Surinam, who fathered the older David in Surinam in 1674, with the older Moses of Curacao. He was the husband of Sarah Lopez Henriquez, became a senior agent for the WIC in Curacao around 1720, and died in Curacao in 1724. When Gracia died in 1707 she was placed in grave #1665; when Sarah died in 1715 she was placed in grave #1663 and when Moses died in 1724 he was placed in grave #1662. The proximity of these graves suggests Sarah and Moses felt family affiliation with Gracia. But could Gracia's bequest to 'David son of Moses' have been directed at the younger David of Surinam? We suggest not - for though the younger David was born around 1700 which is the year that Gracia wrote her will and thus Gracia could have become aware of the newborn David, it seems unlikely that in those days of high infant mortality and epidemics of tropical diseases, a bequest would be made to a newborn. Thus, the elder David - probably a nephew of Gracia via her probable brother Moses - was known to Gracia in Curacao, and was the subject of Gracia's bequest.

  6. In fact, we have separately concluded that the father of Aaron #376 her Barbados 'brother' was named David. Gracia was no closer than a half-sister to Aaron #376 and was probably a full sister of Moses #1585 (see also note 1 and 9 above). But she was probably also a full sister of David Baruch Louzada #44 of Barbados and Amsterdam - as ref 5 and ref 113 taken together make clear. That is, Gracia's father was Isaac #42. Though David #44 already had a 'brother' Moses in London, it does seem that they were no closer than cousins and that a younger full brother Moses appeared in Livorno once the older Moses left for France and Amsterdam in 1649. Both of these people named Moses must be distinguished from their probable uncle Moses Baruh Lousada who died in London in 1677. Our Anglo-Dutch family chart shows the known children of Amador de Lousada.

  7. We know this because David's daughter Rebecca Hannah had a Curacao niece named Clara who was a daughter of Isaac (ref 113 p146). From ref 113 p57, we learn that 'Ishac Barugh Louzada' was Parnas de Hebrah (administrator of burials) in the Curacao Jewish community for the 1699-1700 Jewish year, whilst David Barugh Louzada in the 1732-3 Jewish year filled the same role. David #1528 who, according to ref 287, had a different birthplace from that of Abraham #1587 who was also born around 1700, and hence different parents. We do not dispute that Abraham #1587 was the son of David #1586, so David #1528 had a different father - Isaac #1297. A first son David probably arose from Isaac's first marriage in 1696 which appears in ref 96 ptII #37.

  8. That is, after the 1674 birth in Surinam of David #1586, and before the 1695 list - and in any case before 'about 1700' when David #1528 and Abraham #1587 were born outside Surinam.

  9. We suggest Abraham was born in Curacao, as ref 287 does not give him a Surinam birth. There are 3 Curacao graves of the children of Abraham dated 1731 (twice!) and 1737. He was in Curacao in 1742 when he married Abigail Nunes da Costa. Many details of his life in Curacao were obtained from ref 40 where he was a shipowner in 1744 and then a licensed broker in 1759. In 1752, he appears to have shipped tobacco to Amsterdam where his distant relative by marriage Isaac Orobio de Castro did not accept the bottomry charge (ref 175 #2). His burial location is unknown (see note 4).

  10. The lists can be found in ref 169 and the source material from which they were found.

  11. The ancestors of Emile Louzada include Deborah Henriquez Moron ~1770-1842 (see descent of Emile Louzada from David Cohen Nassy); whilst Rebecca Hannah married Abraham Henriquez Moron of Curacao around 1685 (see descendants of David Baruch Louzada) and at least some descendants of this ~1685 marriage lived in Surinam. It is logically possible that Deborah's father Aaron was the youngest son Aaron 1710-94 of that ~1685 marriage, though it must be admitted that if it were the same person, then he would have been 60 years of age at Deborah's birth.