Suggested connection (via) Curacao of the Baruch Lousadas of Surinam and Barbados

The
people in grey (see note 8 below) are the earliest in Fenneke's genealogy of the Surinam Baruch Lousadas, the people in orange are people about whom we know little, and the people in pink are other Baruch Lousadas. The English Baruh Lousadas and the Surinam Louzadas both use the 'Baruch' first surname and we note the interchangeability of 's' and 'z' in Portuguese. They probably both descend from the Baruch Lousadas who emerged in Livorno in the early 1600s. Links between family branches shed light on the previous generations so we sought links between the Barbados Baruch Lousadas and Surinam. One such link was found when Ton Tielen (ref 112) pointed us to a deed of 20 Dec 1738 by which David Baruh Lousada of Barbados authorizes the 'church wardens' of Surinam to manage his Surinam assets. The deed was written in English and was witnessed by Jeremiah Baruh Lousada; David was probably the eldest son b1677 of Aaron Baruh Lousada and Jeremiah 1705-93 was a son of Solomon a brother of David. The deed is hard to decipher but appears to be part of his inheritance arrangements, and suggests his will (which we have not seen) made a bequest to the Surinam Jewish community and/or family members there. This did not lead us further but we noted that the Barbados Baruch Lousadas had a link with Curacao - Gracia de Caceres #43 spent the last years of her life in Curacao - she wrote her will there in 1700 (ref 113 p194) and died there in 1707. She turns out to be a sister of David Baruch Louzada #44 of Barbados and Amsterdam - as ref 5 and ref 113 taken together make clear.

 So we looked at the links between Curacao and Surinam noting there were strong trade links between the 2 Dutch colonies which were both run by the Dutch West Indies Company (WIC). Reviewing the genealogy of the Surinam Louzadas as selected above, we see an obvious point of connection of the two family branches. Unusual circumstances are required if a father's name is given to a son - and so the suggested father/son relationship of David b1674 and David b~1700 looks unlikely. Curacao was a possible source of the younger David of Surinam, and a likely candidate emerged immediately - David Baruch Lousada who died in Curacao on 25 Mar 1747 (ref 113 grave #1547).

 In Gracia's will is a bequest to a David son of Moses - perhaps this refers to David the elder of Surinam whose father was Moses. However there were 2 Moses Baruch Lousada of Curacao - one who died in 1724 and the other in 1745. It is unlikely that the first Moses of Surinam - who was born around 1750 according to Fenneke's genealogy - died in 1745 for 95 was an unlikely age to reach. Thus we identify the first Baruch Lousada of Surinam, who fathered the older David in Surinam in 1674, with the older Moses of Curacao who was the husband of Sarah Lopez Henriquez, who became a senior agent for the WIC in Curacao around 1720, and who died in Curacao in 1724. When Gracia died in 1707 she was placed in grave #1665; when Sarah died in 1715 she was placed in grave #1663 and when Moses died in 1724 he was placed in grave #1662. The proximity of these graves suggests Sarah and Moses felt family affiliation with Gracia. But could Gracia's bequest to 'David son of Moses' have been directed at the younger David of Surinam? We suggest not - for though the younger David was born around 1700 which is the year that Gracia wrote her will and thus Gracia could have become aware of the newborn David, it seems unlikely that in those days of high infant mortality and epidemics of tropical diseases, a bequest would be made to a newborn. Thus, the elder David - probably a nephew of Gracia via her probable half-brother Moses - was known to Gracia in Curacao, and that he was the subject of Gracia's bequest.

We turn now to that younger David who was born in Surinam around 1700. The oldest son of David #44 was Isaac who spent many years in Curacao - we know this because David's daughter Rebecca Hannah had a Curacao niece named Clara who was a daughter of Isaac (ref 113 p146). Isaac was married (in London) in 1696 and the younger David could have been the first-born son and would have been named after his paternal grandfather David #44. This would mean that Isaac left London to live in Surinam for a period before arriving in Curacao where he took up official community duties around 1700. Then Isaac was in Amsterdam in 1714 where he emulated his father by carrying out duties for Dotar, but died in Curacao in 1721. This energetic schedule resembles that of his father who played a key role in leading the family's development. Why would Isaac have gone to Surinam for a period of only 2 or 3 years? We note that a Moses B(aruch) Louzada was on a 1671 Surinam list but no Baruch Lousada was on a 1695 Surinam list (see note 6 below); that is - as Gracia's will implied - the elder David and his father Moses had left Surinam for Curacao some time after 1674 - the year David the elder was born in Surinam. Isaac's Surinam visit can thus be seen as an effort to strengthen the family's commercial links to Surinam which had weakened after the departure of David the elder and his father. Isaac's own grandsons later moved to Surinam and formed the basis for the enduring Baruch Lousada presence there.

Our suggestion entails at least 2 lines of Baruch Louzadas were represented in Surinam. The founder Moses (see note 9 below) started the line that failed and the successful line was started by David #44. Fenneke's genealogy implies that the line headed by Moses the founder comes to an end and our work shows this occurred in Curacao. Abraham however was an active merchant who spent time in Surinam. But we show that is the line originating with the Isaac #1297 (son of David #44) in Curacao which leads to Emile and Karin Louzada! 

Notes:

  1. We need to be aware of the prevalence of second marriages in these times. We suggest that the 1729 and 1742 Curacao marriages shown above are second or later ones as there are offspring before those dates. Certainly Isaac #1297 had a second wife - having married his cousin Rebecca in London in 1696, he appears with another wife Esther da Motta in Curacao in 1707.

  2. We suggest Abraham was born in Curacao, and there are 3 Curacao graves of the children of Abraham dated 1731 (twice!) and 1737. However he must gone to Surinam as a young man (his son Isaac was born there in 1727) but he returned to Curacao before 1742. Many details of his life in Curacao were obtained from ref 40 where he was a shipowner in 1744 and then a licensed broker in 1759. In 1752, he appears to have shipped tobacco to Amsterdam where his distant relative by marriage Isaac Orobio de Castro did not accept the bottomry charge (ref 175 #2)

  3. The marriage between Isaac son of Abraham and Esther daughter of David is possibly a typical marriage of cousins - the chart shows them to have been 5th cousins but there may have been earlier unidentified inter-family marriages. It seems probable that the younger David was the father of Esther. Isaac son of Abraham appears in Paramaribo on or around 11 Sep 1749 as a 'taker' of a commercial bill (ref 175 #7).

  4. We do not know the location of the graves of Abraham or David the elder - it could be Curacao as ref 113 suggests its list of graves understates the true number by a factor of 2.

  5. We have not found much evidence to guide our placement of the younger Moses of Curacao but he could have been a son of the elder David of Surinam and named after his grandfather - David's father Moses. There was a later David of Curacao, probably a grandson of the older David of Surinam, but we cannot say whether he was the son of Abraham or Moses the younger of Curacao.

  6. The lists can be found in ref 169 and the source material from which they were found.

  7. There is another possible Lousada/Louzada link involving David #44. The ancestors of Emile Louzada include Deborah Henriquez Moron ~1770-1842 (see descent of Emile Louzada from David Cohen Nassy); whilst Rebecca Hannah married Abraham Henriquez Moron of Curacao around 1685 (see descendants of David Baruch Louzada) and at least some descendants of this ~1685 marriage lived in Surinam. It is logically possible that Deborah's father Aaron was the youngest son Aaron 1710-94 of that ~1685 marriage, though it must be admitted that if it were the same person, then he would have been 60 years of age at Deborah's birth.

  8. The 1724 Curacao death of Moses #658 and the 1747 Curacao death of David the son of Isaac #1297 are the results of our analysis - we have added these details to Fenneke's information about these 2 people. However the other 5 people shown in grey are as described by Fenneke.

  9. Though David #44 already had a brother Moses in London, it does seem that they were half-brothers and that a younger full brother Moses appeared in Livorno once the older Moses left for Amsterdam in 1649. Both of these people named Moses must be distinguished from their probable uncle Moses Baruh Lousada who died in London in 1677. Our Anglo-Dutch family chart shows all the known children of Amador de Lousada.