From Barbados to Jamaica and the 3 Aarons who died in 1768
In exploring the genealogy of the modern English Baruh Lousadas, who so obviously were Jamaican, we struggled with the theory that they first came from Barbados though we accepted the economic imperative of such a move (see note 5 below). The reason for our struggle was the idea that they were in Jamaica before the English took the island from Spain in 1655, but this idea is a myth for the only evidence we have of Jamaican ancestors from that era relates to the Curiel in-laws of the Lamegos. Many versions of the theory have appeared, which is not surprising as it was weakly supported by the cited facts. Our efforts have vastly improved the factual basis for the theory in which there is now no room for the variations and errors. And so, on the basis of our analysis which can be found here, we accept that they did move to Jamaica from Barbados.
Emanuel #41 was the ancestor of most of the English Baruh Lousadas but was not the ancestor of those few Lousadas descending from Jacob #380 from whom the Lousada name disappeared after 1 generation. They reached Jamaica no sooner than 1704, since they were in Barbados when their mother died in late 1703; and Esther Lamego had produced 5 children by the time of her death in 1720 while Jacob #380 produced 5 children in Jamaica before his death in 1722. Therefore the family (assuming the brothers travelled together) reached Jamaica by 1720. Probably Aaron Lamego preceded them to Jamaica, perhaps also coming from Barbados, remaining in Jamaica while they married his daughters Abigail and Esther. Accordingly Jacob and Emanuel must have reached Jamaica by 1714 but probably much earlier (see note 1 below). On this basis, the children of Emanuel #41 and Jacob #380 were probably born in Jamaica (see note 3 below) and we estimate 1704-5 for their translocation to Jamaica. We have prepared a chart showing the Baruch Lousadas of Jamaica.
A key to our thinking was distinguishing between the 3 Aaron Baruh Lousadas who died in 1768 - one in Bridgetown, one in London and one in Jamaica (on him see notes 1, 3 and 4 below). The chart shows them as 3 grandsons of Aaron Baruh Lousada, the Barbados magnate who arrived in Barbados around 1659. The Barbados Baruh Lousada brothers going to Jamaica were the 2 youngest sons - Jacob (see note 6 below) and Emanuel - but their younger sister Esther led the way (see note 2 below). The 3 Aarons were first grandsons of Aaron #376 and carried his name. Solomon #712 seems to have remained in Barbados. He did not have a surviving daughter, but she would have been named Rachel after Rachel Gomez Henriques the wife of Aaron #376, and Jacob #380 and Emanuel #41 each had a daughter Rachel. Of course both grandfathers were named Aaron and both grandmothers were named Rachel so almost inevitably many Aarons and Rachels would appear!
1. 1714 was the year Aaron Lamego appeared in England (see note 6 on Lamego marriages page). However, it seems likely that Aaron Lamego was in Jamaica for a decade or more - for this is the most likely source of the wealth that he built up to become an early Bank of England stockholder - suggesting his arrival in Jamaica at or before the beginning of the 1704-14 range. The Jamaican wealth built up by Aaron Lamego, supported by his sons (Isaac, Moses and Abraham) and his sons-in-law (Emanuel #41 and Jacob #380), later manifested itself in the Jamaican business endeavours of his grandson Aaron #125 who became a major plantation financier. Aaron #125 did not appear in the will of his grandfather, but effectively inheriting the business he did not need to! Aaron Lamego's son Isaac Lamego in his will left money for the Synagogue in Jamaica and not Barbados suggesting he spent none of his adult life in Barbados. Isaac Lamego was born in 1685, again suggesting the Lamego family arrival in Jamaica before the 1704-14 range. He was probably too young to have married his (future) Lousada sisters-in-law Esther or Hannah in Barbados.
2. Esther had married and seems to have left Barbados but Hannah aged 15 was yet to be married in 1703. Perhaps Aaron Lamego and his family travelled to Jamaica by 1702 - in time to somehow help Esther find her husband Abraham Touro, who died in Jamaica in 1710. There were Touro links to both Barbados and Jamaica - a 1648 To(u)ro shipment of 25 rolls of Barbados tobacco from Amsterdam to Genoa as noted in ref 123 p397, and an Amsterdam/Jamaica Touro connection involving Newport RI in the 1758-82 period.
3. Ref 88 gives the death of Hannah Abigail Almeida aged 33 on 12 Jan 1745 meaning she was born in 1712. She was not the first child - Rachel would have preceded her having the same name as the paternal grandmother. Aaron #125 was born in 1706.
4. It should be noted that it was only grandson Aaron #125 who was in the ancestry of the 5 Lousada Dukes (while Aaron #714 nor Aaron #1174 were not involved).
5. Such a move of course reflected the growing relative economic attractiveness of Jamaica compared with Barbados around 1700. Influential sugar people came to Jamaica from Barbados (ref 129). Ref 117 gives a vivid picture of the reason why Jamaica grew so strongly - it was not just a matter of overtaking Barbados in sugar acreage and production which it did in 1720; Jamaica was very well placed to conduct the immensely profitable contraband trade with the Spanish colonies from which bullion and other valuable items were derived. In addition, the trade ancillary to sugar was also important - plantation financing, supply of dry goods, shipping, insurance and sales. Population estimates summarised in ref 117(pp47-9) illustrate the comparative fortunes of Barbados and Jamaica - the Barbados Jewish population peaked at 400-490 in 1750, but about 900 in Jamaica by 1770. The Barbados peak represented some 3% of a declining white population; the Jamaican peak about 6% of a rising white population. The greatest period of Jewish migration to Jamaica was 1710-30.
6. The first wife of Jacob #380 - Leah who died in Bridgetown in early 1702 - he probably married in Barbados around 1701 as no children appear in his mother's will. Leah could have been a daughter of Aaron Lamego. In Jamaica he took another daughter Abigail as his (probable) second wife.