Amador de Lousada and the Coimbra Inquisition

It seems likely that Amador de Lousada, born in 1540 at an unknown location, was a direct ancestor (see note 1 below). Some details of Amador's life and family emerge from the records of the Coimbra Inquisition before which he, his wife Ana and their daughter Briatis appeared (ref 180; and also see note 8 below). They survived, suitably penitent, and appear above. In the next generation Isabel appears to have escaped the threat of the Portuguese Inquisition by going to Madrid (see note 3 below) but Fernando's family appeared before the Coimbra Inquisition (see note 2 below).

  A plausible identification of Amador's sons with the known Baruch Lousadas of Livorno and London is given in note 5 below, though the data does not allow strong deductions as to which post-Iberia offspring corresponded to particular known offspring. Isaac #42, his brother Abraham #2149, and their uncle Abraham Levi Lousada appeared in Livorno (see notes 6 and 9), while the descendants of David #1584 appeared in England and Barbados perhaps via Rouen (see note 7). Moses #1419 appeared briefly in England (see note 10). The chart above further suggests that the Den Haag Louzadas may also originate from a separate Lousada exodus (see note 4 below) probably also from Madrid. The Lousadas arriving in London around 1698 appear to form a 3rd exodus (see note 2 below), this time direct from Portugal.

Much thought has been given as to whether Briatis, the first daughter of Amador de Lousada, was the same person as Beatriz Geronima, the mother of Abraham Israel Pereira a cousin germain of Abraham Baruch Louzada #45. This possibility is discussed here. Briatis was also known as Briatis Alvares, so that she was given the same 2 names as her paternal grandmother.

 

Notes:

1. Edgar Samuel by email 2 Mar 2016 stated his strong suspicion that Amador de Lousada was our direct ancestor. Amador was the only known Lousada subjected to Inquisitorial interest in the period before 1640 when the Baruch Lousadas were first known in Livorno; he was imprisoned and tried by the Coimbra Inquisition in 1590-91 as recorded in ref 180 which provides details of the alleged relapse to Judaism of his and related families.

2. Fernando stayed on in Vinhais. Antonio son of  Fernao (Fernando) was tried by the Coimbra Inquisition in 1658-1563. Ref 180 showed that so too was Florença Carriao the widow of Fernando in 1657 and in 1660 another son Henrique de Lousada a shoemaker of Vinhais aged about 50 and a daughter Maria aged about 35. Florbela Veiga Frade has examined the Coimbra Inquisition record of Maria de Lousada and extracted her confessions and her genealogy (ref 221). From this we learn that Fernando was born in Braganza, but like his father Amador worked as a shoemaker in Vinhais and ref 297 argues for the benefits of international linkages for Portuguese New Christian families wishing to escape the Inquisition. More generally this shows the benefits which families could gain from marriage.Though Moses Baruch Lousada used the alias Antonio Fernades, he was not the imprisoned son of Fernando, as confirmed by his presence in Amsterdam in the years 1649-59 and arrival in London by 1660, and was probably a nephew. The children of Henrique may have been the source of some of the USA Lousadas.

3. Ref 145 (protocole 9081) shows that Pedro Rodriguez and Isabel Mendes de Losada, natives and residents of Vinhais, had a son Antonio whose 1656 will is in the Madrid Historical Archives. While we cannot say whether Pedro was a brother of Antonio Rodrigues Pereira who married Beatriz Geronima, there is little doubt that the mother of Antonio of the 1656 will was the Isabel shown in the chart. 

4. Isaac Louzada #50 appears to have been born in Amsterdam in 1645. His name suggests he was a grandson of Isaac #42 (but see note 7 below). Venice connections suggest that his father Abraham exited Madrid differently from Isaac #42, possibly in the entourage of Abraham Israel Pereira in 1644 or 1645.

5. We propose a match between on the one hand the 4 sons of Amador and, on the other hand, the 4 Baruch Lousadas who appear in Livorno, English and Dutch records in the mid-1600s as follows:

  1. Moses #1419 died in 1677 in London and this being the last death it is natural to infer that he was the youngest brother and hence that he was Pedro (see note 10).

  2. Antonio was a few years older than the youngest 3 brothers, and we suggest that he was the youngest son of the 1st marriage. He is the best candidate to be Abraham #2149 of Livorno (see note 9).

  3. Isaac #42 was in Livorno in the 1640-60 period (as shown in note 6, 7, and 9) and died in Amsterdam in 1667 which was probably the 3rd death of the 4 brothers we are allocating and we suggest he was Francisco the 2nd last of the 4 brothers shown above. He was probably younger than David whose children he seems to have step-fathered. Isaac #42 may have been married more than once (see note 7). 

  4. David who perhaps died well before before 1640 was the natural father of Aaron #376 of Barbados. Aaron may have become a stepson of Isaac and Abraham #1875 may have become a legitimate but non-biological son of Isaac #42 (see note 7 below); they do not appear to have been with him in Livorno but strong links persisted well after Isaac died as the many family papers found in Amsterdam notary archives show. We identify David with Diogo.

6. Abraham Levi Lousada was an uncle and perhaps he married a sister of Ana Mendes. But the surname of the wife of Luis Mendes (Liao=Leon=Levi) suggests an alternative explanation as shown in the chart above - that Abraham Levi Lousada was a brother of Briatis Liao, and thus an uncle of Isaac #42 by an extra marriage link.

7. Aaron #376 appears to have lost his father David young. The case of Abraham #1875 presents a puzzle and a solution, as the naming of Isaac #50 suggests Isaac #42 married David's widow. Then, Isaac married Luna around 1635. In any case, some children, nephews and/or step-children of Isaac #42 may have been almost adult when Isaac #42 and Abraham #2149 went to Livorno around 1640, and may have stayed in Madrid with the broader family until departure became advisable after 1643.

8. Thus his father Pedro de Lousada had a first cousin once removed ('prima segunda') named Isabel Lopes who was also described as aunt of Amador, whilst Amador was baptised at the church of Sao Fagundo in Vinhais and confirmed (probably) at the church of Lamalonga near Braganza. Aged 50, he lived as a shoe-maker in Vinhais in 1590 and had Rodrigues associates in nearby Braganza and the more distant Villaflor, some of whom were shoe-makers and sieve-makers. The Coimbra Inquisition held and tried not only Amador de Lousada, but Briatis Liao (1584-9), Gaspar Liao (1586-8), Fernao Pereira (1587-9), Florença Pereira (1588-9), and Felipa Lopes who was a relative (perhaps a daughter of Isabel Lopes) of Amador de Lousada and the wife of Antonio Roiz (=Rodrigues) sievemaker. The testimony of Diogo Mendes seemed to be vital to the prosecution. Michael Waas reported on 27 Jun 2018 that she appears as Violante in her 6 Jul 1588 denunciation to the Coimbra Inquisition - folios 239v-40, Livro de Denuncias 1566-1590 book 0076, Inquisition of Coimbra. Presumably Violante was her New Christian name and Ana = Hannah was her secret Jewish name.

9. Our study of the the Livorno Baruch Lousadas shows that Isaac #42 had a contemporary Abraham Baruch Lousada #2149 whose son Isaac #2141 married Isaac's daughter Rachel #2143 in 1643. Both are described as elderly in ref 286. Perhaps Isaac was younger - on the basis that his son Moses #1585 was born around 1650 some 10 years later than Abraham's daughter Rebecca.

10. We consider the Moses Baruch Lousada who appears in ref 121 (the data for which was from 1676 or somewhat earlier) was Moses #46. This means that Moses #1419 who died in London in 1677 had only just arrived - for the survey probably did not greatly pre-date 1676. We identify Amador's son Pedro with Moses #1419.